December 2005

Transitions
Scientific American magazine has named Hydrogen Solar Ltd. as one of 50 Scientific American Business Leaders of 2005 for its work towards the commercial development of technology to produce hydrogen via its Tandem CellsTM. The list appears in the magazine’s December issue which will be on newsstands Nov. 22. The tandem cell design splits water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen with sunlight. Hydrogen Solar Ltd. has offices and laboratories in Guildford, England and Henderson, NV........Stanford R. Ovshinsky, president and chief scientist for Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Rochester ...
Events
The "15th International Seminar on Double Layer Capacitors and Hybrid Energy Storage Devices" will be held Dec.5-7 at the Embassy Suites Deerfield Beach Resort, Deerfield Beach, FL. Details: Lidija Ortloff, Redox Engineering, 65 Gay St., Westwood, MA 02090; info@supercapseminar.com, www.supercapseminar.com The MIT Energy Research Council is looking for industry input at an on-campus workshop Dec. 6-7, “MIT Energy Challenges Workshop - Igniting New Ideas for Sustainable Energy.” Details: MIT Industrial Liaison Program, Michael Lawson, 617/452-3053; http://ilp-www.mit.edu/ The ...
Briefly Noted: U.S. Fuel Cell Council
The fifth edition of the U.S. Fuel Cell Council’s Media Guide is now available, featuring listings for more than 115 fuel cell developers and manufacturers and other supplier. Journalists can get free copies - CD or hard copy - by calling 202/293-550 or e-mail the council at germain@fuelcells.org. For others, there is a $20 charge. Earlier, the council published a list of Frequently Asked Questions (FACS) about the Ins and Outs on tax incentives for the purchase of fuel cells, part of the recent Energy Policy Act of 2005 (H&FCL Sept. 05). The document is downloadable as PDF at ...
Briefly Noted: FuelCell Energy Sued
A Bozeman firm that processes credit information for banks and other financial institutions, has sued PPL Energy Services Holding, Allentown, PA and FuelCell Energy, Danbury, CT because the fuel cells didn’t perform as promised, according to an Internet news report. Newsday.com, the online service of the Long Island, NY-based newspaper, said in a Nov. 16 story the Montana company, Zoot Enterprises, asked in its suit to cancel an agreement to pay PPL $2.4 million, and it also seeks damages to be determined by a jury. The story quoted Chris Nelson, CEO of Zoot Enterprises as saying the ...
Briefly Noted: Hydrogenics
Mississauga, ON-based Hydrogenics Corp. has introduced its next generation of HyPM 500 Series Fuel Cell Power Modules, with or without integrated DC power options, and HyPM Fuel Cell Power Packs. The modules come in two standard configurations, the standard LP model for fuel cell power mobility applications, and the XR version intended as a rack-mountable configuration. Earlier, the company announced it is changing the name of its fuel cell test division from Greenlight Power Technologies to Hydrogenics Test Systems. Hydrogenics acquired Greenlight in 2003, followed by the takeover of Stuart ...
Briefly Noted: General Hydrogen
Another order for General Hydrogen: The Richmond, BC-based company has received a Hydricity Pack® order from Bridgestone/Firestone Tire Co.’s plant in Warren Country, TN. Delivery is scheduled for next month, January 2006. The company is coy about releasing numbers, but presumably it’s one unit to let the tiremaker try out the pack which is intended to replace conventional lead acid batteries in forklift trucks. Earlier this fall, General Hydrogen ordered 100-plus fuel cell stacks from Ballard Power Systems for installation in packs for unknown customers (H&FCL Oct. 05). ...
Briefly Noted: Honda/Plug Power Station
Torrance, CA-based Honda R&D Americas, Inc., together with its partner Plug Power, Inc. Latham, NY has launched Home Energy Station III providing electricity for the home and hydrogen for future fuel cell-powered vehicles (H&FCL July 05). This third-generation system which operates on natural gas as primary fuel, is roughly 30 % smaller than its predecessor and produces about 25% more power. It’s rated at up 5 kW. Honda says it’s more energy efficient, hydrogen storage and production capacity is up about 50% via a new improved natural gas reformer, and start-up time has been cut to ...
Briefly Noted: BP's Big Alternative Energy Plans
British oil company BP plans to double its investment in alternative and renewable energies, including solar, wind, hydrogen and combined-cycle gas turbines, to create a new low-carbon business, BP chief executive Lord Browne has announced. “We are determined to add to the choice of available energies for a world concerned about the environment, and we believe we can do so in a way that will yield robust returns,” Browne said in a Nov. 28 announcement. Browne said in the first phase, BP would invest some $1.8 billion over the next three years in a new subsidiary, BP Alternative ...
Fast Forward: Fuel Cell Subs for Israel
German fuel cell subs for Israel? In one of its Last Hurrahs, the outgoing German government under Chancellor German Schroeder and foreign minister Joschka Fischer has authorized the sale of two fuel cell-powered submarines to Israel, according to the Nov. 19 online version of Germany’s “Spiegel” news magazine. The two “Dolphin” submarines, an existing design, look shorter and stubbier than the 212 and 214 Class subs the German navy commissioned earlier this fall (H&FCL Nov. 05 - Grove story), but the fuel cell system is presumed to be just about the same. According ...
MarketPlace
Editor’s Note: This is the first in a new series of occasional columns for brief, non-advertising, free-of-charge notices for hydrogen- and fuel cell-related equipment and services (Advertisements are accepted for H&FCL’s online version only): Wanted: Used electrolyzer (alkaline or PEM) in the 25 kW range. Please contact Prof. Klaus Yvon, University of Geneva, Switzerland; e-mail: klaus.yvon@cryst.unige.ch; Tel: 0041 22 379 6231, Fax: 0041 22 379 6864.
Opportunities
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization’s International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies, (UNIDO-ICHET) in Istanbul, Turkey, seeks to fill the following positions: Senior Researcher/Administrator. Major responsibilities are: develop and write proposals for hydrogen energy demonstration/pilot projects, training courses, workshops and meetings for funding; negotiate with funding agencies; work with demonstration/pilot project teams to shape the “case” to the requirements of the funding agencies; obtain funding and oversee the management of the projects. ...
2005 is Best Year Yet for Large Stationary Fuel Cells, Reports New Industry Analysis
LONDON - With some 65 large stationary fuel cell systems installed this year so far, 2005 is shaping up as the year with the most installations in one 12-month period, according to a new survey by Fuel Cells Today. The best recent previous year was 2003 with about 68 launches, authors Alexandra Baker and Kerry-Ann Adamson write in their 27-page analysis published last month. Before that, the best year was 1993 with roughly 56 installations (Exact numbers were difficult to extract from the bar chart-type illustrations). The survey covers fuel cell power generation systems of more than 10 ...
Airline Organization Panel Votes to Permit Fuel Cells, Cartridges on Airplanes
MONTREAL/ARLINGTON, VA - If all goes according to plan, micro fuel cells and several types of fuel cartridges, including methanol, will be allowed on airplanes beginning a little more than a year from now. The Dangerous Goods Panel of the Montreal-based International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) voted early last month to allow passengers to carry these devices to power laptops and other handheld electronic on airplanes. The recommendation has to be formally adopted by ICAO, with technical instructions expected for January 1, 2007, the Arlington, VA-based Methanol Institute reported. ...
CHEC's Steve Gilchrist shows a heavy-duty HFI electrolyzer installed behind the rear wheel mudguard of a big-rig tractor. Bolt-On H2 System Boosts Mileage, Cuts Emissions, Canadian Company Says
BOWMANVILLE, ONTARIO - A small company that has been developing on-board electrolyzers since 1996 is marketing an add-on hydrogen generator whose output, injected into the diesel engines of large semitrailer trucks, significantly cuts fuel consumption and emissions. Since its launch in early 2004, Canadian Hydrogen Energy Company Ltd.’s (CHEC) latest Hydrogen Fuel Injection (HFI) system has been installed on what the company says are hundreds of vehicles: big 18-wheel semitrailer trucks, but also in smaller versions on school and transit buses, ambulances, boats, diesel gen-sets, ...
Fuel Cell Seminar: Fuel Cell Sales Almost Steady, Slightly More R&D, New Worldwide Survey Shows
PALM SPRINGS, CA - Research and development outlays in the international fuel cell industry increased 9% from 2003 to 2004 but sales dipped very slightly in that period, a new worldwide survey indicates. The 2005 Worldwide Fuel Cell Industry Survey, released during the Fuel Cell Seminar here, was also conducted by PricewaterhouseCoopers, the international auditing firm which published a smaller, North America-centered survey based on data from 20 publicly traded companies, in October (H&FCL Nov. 05). This survey, commissioned by the U.S. Fuel Cell Council, entailed “voluntary ...
Fuel Cell Seminar: More Marketing, Some Sales, Steady-State Atmospherics at Industry Gathering
PALM SPRINGS, CA - For David Jollie, the unexpected vision of seeing a fellow Brit fuel cell executive on his hotel TV screen first thing in the morning was one of the more noteworthy - and telling - incidents of the 2005 Fuel Cell Seminar here. “In the Hyatt, if you went to Channel 19, you got a Voller Energy commercial,” recalled Jollie, manager of Fuel Cell Today Consulting, in an interview with H&FCL just before flying back to London. “It is truly bizarre to see Stephen Voller (on the hotel TV screen). It normally doesn’t happen when I’m in bed in the ...
Japanese Version of H&FCL to Debut in January at Tokyo FC Expo 2006
RHINECLIFF, NY/NAGOYA, JAPAN - Beginning in January 2006, “The Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Letter” will debut in Tokyo as a translated Japanese version in a cooperative venture with a Japanese fuel cell publication, “Fuel Cell Japan.” Like H&FCL, “Fuel Cell Japan” is a monthly newsletter published online. It is produced by the Digital Research Institute, Inc., of Nagoya, an independent market research company and consultancy specializing in technologies and demand forecast for industrial use and fuel cells. In the past, the institute has published technical and ...
We were there, metaphorically at least: The H&FCL as a media sponsor on the big conference screen (Picture courtesy of Ulrich Felger/Arno Evers Fair PR. For more images, click on http://www.fair-pr.com/meet-aae/fuelcellseminar2005/index.php) Bigger Turnout, Muted Progress, No Big Announcements At 2005 Fuel Cell Seminar
PALM SPRINGS, CA - The Fuel Cell Seminar has come quite a long way over the past few years. Expectation levels have been raised by high-profile announcements and product launches at previous events, and it was possible to be just a little deflated by this year’s Nov. 14-18 event at the Convention Center here. This year, there were no big announcements, and progress seemed muted. However, with some 2,400 participants, attendance was slightly up over last year’s figure of some 2,200 (H&FCL Dec. 04). Nonetheless, there was still plenty of interest to see and learn, not least in ...

November 2005

Transitions
Madison, WI-based Virent Energy Systems, Inc., has named Dr. Venki Raman to its board of directors. Raman, formerly with Air Products, is president of Protium Energy Technologies, a consultancy in Allentown, PA, and he is a trustee and former board chairman of the National Hydrogen Association. Virent is developing aqueous phase reforming systems to generate hydrogen, fuel gases and other high-value chemicals from low-cost feedstocks like sugar and glycerol........Irvine, CA-based Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc. has appointed Kenneth R. Lombardo as vice president legal and ...
Events
The "12th Symposium for the Use of Regenerative Energy Sources and Hydrogen Technology" will be held Nov. 3-5 at the Stralsund University of Applied Sciences, Stralsund, Germany. Details: Ms. Noster, phone +49/3831/45-6713, fax +49/3831/45-6687, e-mail Ilona.Noster@fh-stralsund.de The "2005 Fuel Cell Seminar" will be held Nov. 14-18 at the Palm Springs Convention Center, Palm Springs, CA. Details: www.fuelcellseminar.com The "2nd European Hydrogen Energy Conference and Exhibition" is scheduled for Nov. 22-25 in Zaragoza, Spain. Details: phone +34/91.383.6000, fax +34/91.771.0854; e-mail ...
Briefly Noted: FSEC/Florida School Education Program
St. Petersburg, FL-based Progress Energy Florida together with the Florida Solar Energy Center are launching a program in partnership with public schools to educate students about the possibilities of hydrogen as an alternative energy form. “Hydrogen: The Power and the Potential” is a student curriculum initiative that envisions the use of a variety of energy alternatives, such as hydrogen, while stressing the importance of energy conservation. Eight schools - two elementary schools, a middle school, four high schools and a technical school - are initially involved in the program. ...
Briefly Noted: Canon Micro Fuel Cells
Joining the growing number of Japanese companies rushing to develop portable fuel cells, Canon, Inc. in late October showed off three prototype hydrogen fuel cells of various sizes to eventually replace batteries for small mobile devices such as music players and similar equipment. Media reports said the company also showed one packaged in what looked like an extension battery pack for the company’s EOS Kiss Digital N professional digital camera. No dates so far for marketing and selling the devices.
Briefly Noted: Fuel Cell Energy/SF Westin Airport Hotel
FuelCell Energy, Inc., meanwhile, announced the planned delivery of a 500 kW Direct FuelCell® molten carbonate fuel cell plant to another San Francisco hostelry, the Westin San Francisco Airport Hotel operated by the Starwood chain. It’s the fifth such installation at a Starwood hotel (H&FCL March 05). Separately, the Danbury, CT-based company says it has sold another 500 kW plant the second sale to a Marine Corps facility (H&FCL July 05). The company says it services more than 40 power plant sites equipped with its fuel cell plants around the globe.to LOGANEnergy, the ...
Briefly Noted: UTC Plant/SF Ritz Carlton
In downtown San Francisco, the Ritz Carlton Hotel became the first hotel worldwide last month to install a UTC Power’s PureComfort (TM) phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) power plant (H&FCL Aug. 05). The new plant will provide 240 kW of electricity plus 120 tons of cooling capacity to the 336-room hotel which is partnered with the Marriott chain. Contact: UTC Power, Valerie Bolden-Barrett, 860/727-7320, valerie.bolden.barrett@utcpower.com.
Briefly Noted: Medis Technologies
New York-based Medis Technologies Ltd says it has signed contracts for the production and management of an automated assembly line capable of manufacturing up to 1.5 million units/month, or 45 assembled units/minute, of its fuel cell Power Pack products. The contract was awarded to Ismeca Europe Automation SA, based in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. A second contract to operate and manage the line was signed with Celestica, described as a leader in electronics manufacturing services, based in Toronto. The line is to be shipped to Celestica’s facility in Galway, Ireland in December 2006 ...
Briefly Noted: Farmers Insurance/Alternative Fuel Vehicles
The Los Angeles-based Farmers Insurance Group of Companies announced that beginning October 1, it offers insurance discounts to customers who own a hybrid or alternative-fueled vehicle, including hydrogen vehicles. In California, the discount is 5%. In addition to hydrogen, the discount applies to cars and trucks running on biodiesel, electricity, ethanol, natural gas and propane. California last year topped the list of registered hybrid vehicles with more than 25,000, up 102% over 2003, according to the insurance company. Alternative fuel vehicles increased from 66,366 vehicles in 2001 to ...
Briefly Noted: GTI/Texas Hydrogen Stations
The Gas Technology Institute (GTI), Des Plaines, IL has signed an agreement with the State of Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TEQ) for the development of hydrogen fueling station technology as part of the Commission’s New Technology Research and Development Program to reduce emission sources in Texas. GTI is teaming with Greenfield Compression, Inc., Richardson, TX to develop and commercialize integrated natural gas-to-hydrogen fueling stations, a program based on GTI’s cooperative program with the U.S. Energy Department under which GTI has developed methane steam ...
Briefly Noted: Toyota Industries Forklift
Toyota Industries Corp. (TICO) has developed a hydrogen fuel cell hybrid fork lift truck, using the PEM fuel cell system its sister company, Toyota Motor Corp., has built for its passenger cars. A prototype of the vehicle, dubbed FCHV-F, was displayed last month at CEMAT, the world’s leading trade fair for intralogistics, in Hannover, Germany. The fuel cell stack is rated at 30 kW, the double layer electric storage device is rated at 20 kW peak, and hydrogen is stored at 35 MPa (5000 psi). Toyota Industries says maximum load capacity is 2,500 kg, same as its conventionally powered ...
Briefly Noted: Polyfuel
PolyFuel, Inc. says that its membrane for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) has passed the 5,000 hour mark in durability testing. The Mountain View, CA-based developer of advanced hydrocarbon-based membranes says in its release that fuel cells of this type generally regarded the best choice for portable applications such as laptops or cell phones have to demonstrate lifetimes in the 2,000-3,000 hour range. Contact: Paul Michelson, Roeder-Johnson Corp. for PolyFuel, 323/874-4466.
Briefly Noted: Dutch Hydrogen Association
The Dutch Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Association is the latest European group to join the European Hydrogen Association (EHA), a move expected to be confirmed at the EHA’s next meeting in Brussels in April 2006. The Dutch association is the seventh national association to join the EHA, which also includes six major companies. The Dutch group’s URL is www.waterstofvereniging.nl.
Briefly Noted: DoE Biotech Projects
The U.S. Energy Department has awarded $92 million for six biotechnology research projects for improved understanding of microbes and microbial communities that, among other things, lead to new, better methods of hydrogen and ethanol production. It also may lead to solutions to other major challenges such as cleanup of pollution at former nuclear weapon production sites and minimizing global warming by controlling the cycling of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The new effort by the DoE Science Office dubbed “Genomics: GTL Roadmap: Systems Biology for Energy and Environment,” involves ...
Briefly Noted: StarTech/China
Wilton, CT-headquartered Startech Environmental Corp., has named GlobalTech Environmental Inc., Hong Kong, as its exclusive distributor for the Peoples Republic of China. GlobalTech has offices in Shanghai, Beijing and Changzhou. Startech says the agreement requires GlobalTech to buy its first 25 ton/day plasma converter system by June 30, 2006. StarTech has developed a plasma converter system that destroys all types of wastes, including hazardous wastes, into valuable products, including metals, surplus energy and hydrogen. The system employs a ceramic membrane for gas separation. In ...
Briefly Noted: Chinese N. America Fuel Cell Plans
More Chinese-made fuel cell products may come to North American markets: Hong Kong-based China Energy Savings Technology, described as a leading energy savings products provider in China, has signed a Letter of Intent with Beijing Century Fuyuan Fuel Cell Ltd. Beijing Fuyuan for PEM fuel cell products has developed more than 10 types of hydrogen fuel cell generators which it has marketed in China, Japan, Europe and the United States (Fuyuan had a booth at the 2004 Hannover Hydrogen + Fuel Cell Group Exhibit - H&FCL May 04). Now, said China Energy Savings in its Oct. 19 release, the two ...
Briefly Noted: China/FutureGen Alliance
As anticipated, China’s largest coal-fueled power company, the China Huaneng Group, has joined the recently established non-profit FutureGen Industrial Alliance (H&FCL Oct. 05). The Huaneng Group is one of the world’s top ten power companies and represents about 9% of China’s generating capacity. China has the world’s third-largest coal reserve base and uses coal to produce about 70% of its electricity. The group plans to design and build the world’s first zero-emission coaled-fired power plant in cooperation with DoE. The $ 1 billion, 275 MW prototype FutureGen ...
Briefly Noted: GM/Shanghai Automotive Clean Car Deal
General Motors Corp. and China’s Shanghai Automotive Industry Corp. (SAIC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding Oct. 29 in Shanghai to jointly explore prospects for Chinese production of energy efficient, environmentally clean vehicles such as passenger hybrids and hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicles. The intent is to be able to offer a number of models for Chinese consumers’ needs. The introduction of locally manufactured vehicles is targeted for 2008, although it wasn’t clear from the release whether this applies only to conventional i.c.-engined cars or to hybrids and fuel ...
Canada Launches Can $18.3 Million Project to Tap Waste Hydrogen for Transportation
VANCOUVER - Byproduct hydrogen, generated by a North Vancouver sodium chlorate plant, will be harnessed and purified for possible use as transportation fuel for buses and trucks in an ambitious Can $18.3 million project. Canada’s Industry minister David L. Emerson together with North Vancouver Member of Parliament Don Bell announced the 3-year Integrated Waste Hydrogen Utilization Project (IWHUP) in mid-October. The project will be led by Sacré-Davey Innovations, Inc., together with Westport Innovations, Inc. and Sacré-Davey Engineering, all of Vancouver. Other companies ...
Fast Forward: California's South Coast Hydrogen Priuses to Debut
Any day now, city officials in Santa Ana, CA will roll out the first of five internal combustion-engined Prius hybrids converted to run on hydrogen instead of gasoline. Sources told H&FCL the five vehicles have been turned over to the Air Quality Management District, the air pollution control agency for Orange County and major portions of Los Angeles, San Bernardino and Riverside counties in the Los Angeles Basin headquartered in Diamond Bar, for final checks and fine-tuning in October before they will be handed over to Santa Ana officials. The five are part of a fleet of 30 Priuses that the ...
Portable Fuel Cells Advance Despite Some Stumbles & Hiccups, Survey Says
LONDON - A total of some 3,000 fuel cell systems for portable applications were produced last year worldwide, reports a new survey. Fuel Cell Today’s fourth annual survey of the Portable applications market, released in late September, notes with just a touch of resigned understatement, that of these 3,000, some have actually been sold - implying apparently that the vast majority were built for display, demonstration, public relations, grant-getting and other extraneous reasons, and not necessarily in response to bona fide commercial customer demand for electricity. The survey ...
Ballard Continues as Fuel Cell Leader; SectorStruggles, No Profits, Survey Shows
VANCOUVER - Turmoil in its top management notwithstanding (see p.4), Ballard Power Systems, Inc. remains the biggest player on the international fuel cell developer scene, according to the 2005 Fuel Cell Industry Survey by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLC. The new survey, released in conjunction with the Grove Fuel Cell Symposium, listed Ballard Power Systems and FuelCell Energy as the industry’s two top gross revenue earners with US $81 million and $31 million, respectively, accounting for 48% of the total revenues for the 20 publicly traded companies included in the survey. Ballard, ...
Ballard CEO Dennis Campbell Steps Down, Search is on for New Leader
VANCOUVER - Only about two and a half years after being named chief executive officer and president, Dennis Campbell unexpectedly left Ballard Power Systems, Inc., reportedly at the request of the company. In its official announcement, Ballard merely said Campbell stepped down in a mutually agreed move, effective immediately. John Sheridan, Ballard’s board chairman and retired president and CEO of Bell Canada, was named interim president and will assume day-to-day management responsibilities as the company starts the search for a new leader. Toronto’s “Globe and Mail” ...
Our intrepid reporter Curtis Moore behind the wheel of the prototype Microcab H4, an ultralight car designed for use as an urban taxi or light freight vehicle, displayed at the Grove Symposium. Microcab developer John Jostins says it travels 360 kilometers on the hydrogen equivalent of one liter of gasoline, or about 947 miles per gallon. The project, whose partners include Coventry University and Intelligent Energy, is funded by the UK Department of Trade and Industry. Fuel Cells Begin to Displace Older Technologies, Grove Attendees Are Told
LONDON - Many experts have long predicted that fuel cells would soon become a commercial reality. Few, if any, however would likely have said that market reality would take the form of a silent-running submarine and a “smart tag” reader at a Wal-Mart warehouse. Nevertheless, presentations at the Ninth Grove Symposium here Oct. 4-6 made it clear that this long-awaited moment - fuel cells not only competing in the market, but displacing incumbent technologies - has at long last arrived in the forms of the following: German conglomerate Siemens is building proton exchange ...
Daihatsu's boxy Tanto minivan. Mazda Announces 2008 Commercial H2 Car Launch Plans at Tokyo Motor Show
TOKYO - Upstaging the lineup of gleaming new fuel cell prototypes and concepts at the Tokyo Motor Show, Mazda Motor Corp. last month announced plans to offer a hydrogen-powered internal combustion-engined hybrid minivan to the general public by 2008. Speaking to reporters prior to the opening of the Oct. 22-Nov. 6 event, Mazda president Hisakazu Imaki said his company intends to sell a vehicle similar to the new Premacy Hydrogen RE concept minivan operating on both hydrogen and gasoline, which it unveiled at the show, within three years. There may be others as well: “The concept ...

October 2005

Transitions
Alan Soucy, who joined Albany-based MTI MicroFuel Cells Inc. three years ago as president and chief operating officer, has resigned but is staying on as a consultant for 18 months. Soucy worked in Los Altos, CA and was supposed to set up a Silicon Valley operation. (H&FCL Sept 02, Jan. 05) The company did not issue a press release on Soucy’s resignation, but confirmed a report in an Albany publication, The Business Review. CEO Bill Acker will assume Soucy’s responsibilities. A spokesman said the company will not be looking for a new president at this time.....Plug Power, the ...
Events
The "World Hydrogen Technologies Convention", held under the auspices of the International Association for Hydrogen Energy (IAHE), is scheduled for Oct. 3-6, in Singapore. Details: Ms. Tan Kim Suan, Corporate Communications Manager, Institute of Environmental Science & Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, phone 065/6794 1533; e-mail kstan@ntu.edu.sg; website www.iese.ntu.edu.sg The "Ninth Grove Fuel Cell Symposium" will take place Oct. 4-6 at Westminster, London, Britain. Details: Conference secretariat, Gill Heaton, +44/1865 373625, e-mail grovefuelcell@elsevier.com; ...
California Firm Offers 50 W Methanol Fuel Cell Rental Program
MANTECA, CA - A small company here that specializes in custom video systems and related equipment for wildlife biologists, search and rescue teams and others operating in remote, difficult terrain is beginning to offer a fuel cell rental program, apparently the first one anywhere. Sandpiper Technologies, Inc. (STI) here says its new Fuel Cell Power Rent-to-Own program marks "the first time any company has rented a modern, methanol-powered fuel cell so clients can evaluate portable fuel cells or solve a critical but temporary power problem without purchasing a system," STI CEO John ...
Briefly Noted: The Sourcebook
A new edition of the British "Fuel Cells: The Sourcebook" is now available, the editors, EscoVale Consultancy Services, have announced. It's being offered either as a 300-page print edition or a fully searchable 500-page enhanced electronic CD version, including Excel files on about 2,500 organizations active in hydrogen, fuel cells and enabling technologies. Details and contact: Frank Escombe, Managing Partner, phone/fax +44/1737/230 820; e-mail fuelcells@escovale.com; www.escovale.com.
Briefly Noted: NanoMarkets Study
A Glenn Allen, VA-based market research firm, NanoMarkets LC, says that next year will mark the take off for mobile fuel cells, a market that will reach a volume of $1.6 billion by 2010 and about $2.6 billion in 2012. Among other things, NanoMarkets' new report, "Micro Power Sources: Opportunities from Fuel Cells and Batteries for Mobile Applications," says while in the past batteries and fuel cells have been seen as fierce competitors for mobile computing and communications, a new paradigm of "complementarity" is emerging in which fuel cells will be introduced initially as portable ...
Briefly Noted: H2 Software
H2Trade, a Chicago-based information products company, has released Ultimate Hydrogen 1.1, a new software program for Windows computers, designed for both beginners and experts. It provides users with simplified modeling templates for simulating and analyzing hydrogen infrastructure components including fueling stations, onsite generators, large central plants, by-product plants, pipelines and bulk delivery. It has also built-in capability to produce economic analysis briefs for each case, and the software can calculate US oil import savings, greenhouse gas reductions and even personal tax ...
Briefly Noted: General Atomics-Korea
General Atomics, San Diego, CA has announced a joint research program with the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, and Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, Co. Ltd., Changwon, for the large-scale production of hydrogen using nuclear energy. The three parties agreed in mid-September in a meeting in San Diego to establish a Nuclear Hydrogen Joint Development Center with facilities both in Daejon and San Diego to develop the needed high-temperature gas-cooled reactor and nuclear hydrogen production technologies. Korea has started accelerated development of hydrogen production ...
Briefly Noted: NuCellSys
In what will hopefully be the final reshuffle in a year-long process, Ballard Power Systems, DaimlerChrysler and Ford announced the sale of the fuel cell systems business part of Ballard's German operation in Nabern, to DaimlerChrysler and Ford Motor Co. to form a new joint venture, NuCellSys GmbH. The new company will continue to work closely with Ballard with fuel cell development, focusing on bringing fuel cell-powered drive systems to the series production stage. The three companies first announced plans for reorganizing the relationship among the three last summer (H&FCL Aug. 04, Jan. ...
Briefly Noted: FutureGen Alliance
Some of the largest American electric utilities and coal companies have formed the non-profit FutureGen Industrial Alliance that will work with the U.S. Energy Department in the design and construction of what's billed as the world's first near-zero emission coal-fired power plant for both electricity generation and hydrogen production. The technology will also include carbon emission capture and carbon sequestration. The coalition to build the 275 MW plant includes American Electric Power, BHP Billiton, Consol, Energy Inc., Foundation Coal Corp., Kennecott Energy Company, Peabody Energy, ...
Briefly Noted: More Solar & Wind Power
And More Solar Stirling Dish Energy, More Wind Power: A second California utility, San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) last month signed a large solar power purchase deal with Stirling Energy Systems, Phoenix, AZ. SDG&E agreed with Stirling to buy 300 MW of solar power over 20 years from Stirling's SES Solar 2 facility, a 3 square mile area in California's Imperial Valley. The utility also signed on to an option under which it could add another 600 MW of solar-generated power in two phases, and it has also agreed to buy about 4 MW of energy and capacity from a local biogas landfill project, ...
Briefly Noted: Ag Department Grants
Close to $200,000 for the purchase of wind turbines to provide power for a commercial hydrogen generator are included in almost $21 million in Rural Development grants for renewable energy and energy efficiency that the U.S. Agriculture Department awarded in mid-September to 150 applicants. This award was made to Synthetic Energy, Inc., Ketchum, ID. The list of all awards which include a number of wind projects, are at www.rurdev.usda.gov. Contact: Ed Loyd, USDA, 202/720-46223.
Briefly Noted: Biggest FC Plant
The country's largest commercial fuel cell power plant, a seven-unit 1.4 MW natural gas-fired phosphoric acid PureCell™ 200 generator made by UTC Power, was commissioned in mid-September by Verizon Communications, Inc. as part of the energy system of the phone company's 292,000 sq. ft. call routing center at the Garden City, Long Island, NY central office. The fuel cell system, which also generates 6.3 million BTUs of useable heat, provides cooling and heating in addition to electrical energy. The fuel cells operate as a hybrid system with gas-fired engines which can generate a total of ...
Briefly Noted: Toshiba DMFC Players
Toshiba Corp. says it has developed two prototype direct methanol fuel cells and has begun testing them with mobile audio players. The units and their methanol cartridges will be unveiled at the Combined Exhibition of Advanced Electronics (CEATEC Japan 2005) Oct. 4-8 at the Makuhari Messe exhibition center near Tokyo. The 100 mW unit weighs 78.5 grams including the fuel tank, and it powers a mobile digital audio player with flash memory for about 35 hours on a single 3.5 ml charge of concentrated (99.5%) methanol. The 270 gram, 300 mW unit intended for a mobile unit with HDD is claimed to be ...
Briefly Noted: New Haven Transit Project
Connecticut's Greater New Haven Transit District (GNHTD) last month announced its Advanced Transportation System Development System Development Plan for hydrogen-powered transit. Phase I of the multi-year program envisions the delivery of two hydrogen-fueled hybrid electric transit vehicles, two on-site hydrogen production, storage and dispensing systems, and the design and implementation of innovative diagnostic, maintenance and training platforms. The project will be led by Lou Lautman, of the Gas Technology Institute. Member companies include Avalence, Milford, CT, maker of the ...
Briefly Noted: Toyota-Savannah River Lab
Japanese carmaker Toyota has signed a five-year Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with the Energy Department's Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Aiken, SC to develop advanced hydride-based hydrogen storage technologies for vehicles as well as other technologies. The work will be done jointly by Toyota's Technical Center, which has operations in Michigan, California and Arizona, and SRNL. Toyota will provide more than $2 million in funding over three years for the first two tasks, development of a low-cost hydrogen storage material with high storage capacity, and ...
A schematic depiction of H+/e- flow in the chloroplast of C. Reinhardtii under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. International Team Reports Much-Improved H2 Output from Engineered Green Alga
BIELEFELD, GERMANY/BRISBANE, AUSTRALIA - A team of international scientists has developed a new strain of engineered green alga that produce up to 13 times as much hydrogen as their wild cousins. The team, led by Olaf Kruse of Bielefeld University here and Ben Hankamer, Institute of Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Australia, says isolating the new strain of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii identified as Stm6, is a big step forward toward the eventual photobiological production of hydrogen from these organisms on a commercial basis. In efforts to redirect and emphasize the ...
Swiss Sulzer Corp. Halts SOFC "Hexis" Project Support, Eyes Spinoff or Sale
WINTERTHUR, SWITZERLAND - Sulzer Corp., the large Swiss maker of pumps and other mechanical machinery, has thrown in the towel in its foray into solid oxide fuel cells and will end financial support after more than a decade, but wants the small unit to make it on its own. Sulzer, a Sw. Fr. 1.3 billion ($1.05 billion) international corporation with offices throughout Europe, North America, Latin America and Asia and almost 10,000 employees, announced it will stop investing next year in its "Hexis" project which it started in earnest in the late 1990s (H&FCL July 97, Feb. 03). The company ...
General Hydrogen Orders 100-Plus Fuel Cells from Ballard for Lift Trucks
VANCOUVER, BC - It's not a family reunion, but the news last month that Ballard Power Systems here will deliver more than 100 Mark 9 SSL fuel cells to neighbor General Hydrogen conjured up memories of past personal ties. Richmond, BC-based General Hydrogen, of course, was founded in 1999 by Geoffrey Ballard and Paul Howard, the original founders of Ballard Power Systems way back in 1979 as Ballard Research Inc., initially to work on lithium ion batteries. Geoffrey Ballard resigned from the company that bears his name just before Christmas 1997 (H&FCL Jan. 98). The Ballard fuel cells, to ...
Fast Forward: More PAFCs
More signs of new life in PAFCs: In the wake of UTC Fuel Cell's disclosure that it is looking at a bigger 400 kW version of its workhorse 200kW phosphoric acid fuel cell power plant (H&FCL Aug. 05) - a design that for years had been thought of as teetering on the edge of commercial extinction - another company seems to be ready to jump into that particular fray. HydroGen Corp., a Jefferson Hills, PA-based company said in an Aug. 30 release its subsidiary HydroGen LLC has been granted an exclusive license to four patents related to the company's air-cooled PAFC technology by the U.S. Energy ...
Fast Forward: Fuel Cell Train
Fuel Cell Projects, LLC, the folks that brought you a fuel cell-powered mining locomotive, a fuel cell front loader and which is working on a 1.2 MW fuel cell locomotive (H&FCL March 04) now is developing a 150 kW PEM prototype commuter rail powerplant for a, so far, unidentified Asian railway research organization. As in previous projects, Denver-based Fuel Cell Projects is teaming with Nuvera Fuel Cells, Cambridge, MA and Milan, Italy, plus about a half dozen subcontractors, utilizing Nuvera's new ForzaTM power module. It's the same basic module eight of which are planned to be installed ...
Fast Forward: Sequel
Plagued by severe financial problems, General Motors is pushing back plans to construct a driveable version of its new "Sequel" fuel cell concept car unveiled at the Detroit Auto Show at the beginning of the year (H&FCL Feb. 05). At the time, Larry Burns, GM vice president of research, development and planning, said the company would have a fully integrated, driveable version by the end of the year, but that has changed. Since then, GM has decided to reduce spending and has pushed back the launch by about six months and will hopefully make it available for some reporters to test drive next ...
Ballard CEO Dennis Campbell explains details of a PEM fuel cell to China's president Hu Jintao. Fast Forward: Ballard/China
Does Ballard Power Systems, Inc. have an inside track into the highly promising Chinese fuel cell market, automotive and otherwise? Hard to say, but China's president Hu Jintao expressly asked to see Vancouver-based Ballard during his 10-day visit to Canada last month, the only company he visited. Dow Jones reported the Chinese president spent about an hour at Ballard touring headquarters and manufacturing facilities Sept. 17, peered under the hood of a fuel cell Ford Focus, examined some Ballard fuel cell products and listened to a presentation by Ballard's chief executive Dennis Campbell. ...
AC-Transit's new Van Hool hybrid fuel cell bus. AC Transit Unveils "Most Advanced" Fuel Cell Transit Bus at Public Transport Expo
DALLAS, TX - A little more than three months after letting world leaders take a peek and a ride in San Francisco at World Environment Day, AC Transit unveiled what the agency claims is the world's most advanced fuel cell bus to its peers here. The Oakland, CA-based transit agency officially took the wraps off its 40-foot hybrid fuel cell bus for what were expected to be thousands of other transit executives at the American Public Transportation Association's (APTA) triennial International Public Transportation Expo 2005 at the Dallas Convention Center here Sept. 26-28. The bus embodies ...
A view of things to come? A pre-Katrina take on sky-rocketing fuel prices by Akron Beacon-Journal cartoonist Chip Bok, published Aug. 17, 2005. Okay, okay, hydrogen purists might be put off by the slightly off-base technicalities, but it's funny. (By permission of Chip Bok and Creators Syndicate, Inc). Katrina Effects: Air Products' LH2 Stop Affects Industry; New Calls for Energy Alternatives
NEW ORLEANS, LA - Hurricane Katrina, crashing into the Mississippi Gulf Coast at the end of last month, took out just about all of Air Products' liquid hydrogen-making plant capacity here, causing ripples of production outages in industries such as specialty steel making and semiconductor wafer production. As gasoline prices shot seemingly sky-high to as much as $4/gallon (even higher in Europe) in the wake of widespread refinery shutdowns in the stricken areas, it generated new calls for rethinking America's energy policy in favor of more renewables and alternative fuels, and predictions ...

September 2005

Transitions
General Hydrogen Corp., Richmond, BC, has named Frank Trotter as its new president and chief executive officer. He takes over from Paul Howard, who co-founded the company in 1999 with fuel cell pioneer and chairman Dr. Geoffrey Ballard and who recently served as interim CEO. Howard will continue in his roles as vice chair and director. During the past eight years Trotter served as president and CEO of two Canadian National Railway Company subsidiaries, CANAC, Inc. and BELTPACK Corp., both active in outsourced services and technology sales. Previously, Trotter held several top level executive ...
Events
The "26th Risø International Symposium on Materials Science - Solid State Electrochemistry" is scheduled for Sept. 4-8 at Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark. Details: Anita Voss, phone +45/4677 5800, fax +45/4677 5758; e-mail symp26@risoe.dk; www.risoe.dk/afm/symp26 The "9th International Conference 'Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials’" will be held Sept. 5-11 in Sevastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. Details: Dr. Dmitry V. Schur, program chairman, shurzag@materials.kiev.ua; www.ichms.com.ua A half-day forum by the Society of Manufacturing ...
Opportunities: H2U Student Design Contest
This year’s H2U Student Design Contest, sponsored by the National Hydrogen Association, challenges university students to design hydrogen storage systems predicated on intermittent power from wind turbines. The design must provide realistic benefits over alternative storage systems such as batteries. Teams will employ their expertise in the areas of design, economics, safety, environmental science, and education to develop a marketable design plan. Winning teams will have an opportunity to present their design in Long Beach, CA, March 12-16, 2006 at the NHA Annual Hydrogen Conference ...
Opportunities: EC "HyWays" Members
The European Commission-funded “HyWays” project - “The Development and Detailed Evaluation of a Harmonised 'European Hydrogen Energy Roadmap'” - is seeking an additional 4 to 6 partners from European Union states as members for the period January 2006-March 2007. The objective is to make the road map more representative. It is currently based on the 6 member states France, Germany, Greece, Italy, The Netherlands and Norway. It is to be published in final form by October 2005. Typically, European associate member state energy agencies or other widely recognized, neutral ...
Book Review: PEM Fuel Cells: Theory and Practice
Frano Barbir brings considerable expertise to the subject of PEM fuel cells, having authored or co-authored some 100 publications on the subject and holding multiple fuel cell-related patents. His credentials in academia and industry qualify him to discuss both the theoretical and practical aspects of fuel cells, as suggested by this new volume’s title. Of the numerous books on fuel cells I have seen come through our lab in the past few years, I find this one the most useful. Dr. Barbir kicks off the book in a “no-hype zone,” stating plainly on page one that fuel cells have ...
Briefly Noted: Ashland's Artillery Fuel Cell
And finally, from our What-Will-They-Think-Of-Next? Dep’t: The Alexandria, VA-based Ashland Group says it has been awarded a contract by the U.S. Army’s Armament, Research and Engineering Center to produce and demonstrate the performance of 120 copies of Ashland’s proprietary PEM fuel cell, the PEMERY (TM) P-100, for use as “post-launch power source for the Army’s Multi-Option Fuze Artillery (MOFA),” according to the release. Ashland has designed two versions, the PEMERY P100 and the P50, with the latter designed to replace D-Size batteries. Ashland says the ...
Briefly Noted: Hydrogen Fueling Centers
An architect in New Canaan, CT has launched a multi-company alliance to design and build prototype hydrogen fueling information centers in key locations. Alan Eliot Goldberg, FAIA says he has found a great deal of interest in such a prototype station. So far, six design firms and three manufacturers of service station components have signed on, with three or four others, including two carmakers and an energy company, likely to come on board as well, bringing the group within hailing distance of its goal of 12 members. Details can be found at his website, http://www.arrch2alliance.com. ...
Briefly Noted: Avalence Award
Milford, CT-based Avalence LLC, a start-up developer of advanced ultra high-pressure hydrogen generating equipment has been awarded a $750,000 Phase II DoE contract to build and install a “Hydrofiller” fueling station at a depot of the AC Transit agency in Emeryville, CA. When interfaced with renewable power, this system does not require power conditioning equipment (H&FCL Jan. 05). The Emeryville installation will be powered by pv array. Contact: Avalence, Deborah Moss, 203/701-0052, dkm@avalence.com.
Briefly Noted: Juelich Kerosene Air-Craft Reformer
The German Research Center Juelich has developed a new compact plug-and-play reformer for aircraft kerosene fuel to produce hydrogen-rich fuel gas for on-board auxiliary power units (APUs), but also to produce drinking water for onboard use. The reformer itself consists of a cylinder filled with unspecific catalytic material that splits the jet fuel’s hydrocarbons. The fuel gas powers a high-temperature fuel cell, producing electricity and water, some of which is recycled into the reformer for reforming the kerosene. But the rest, said to be of good quality, can be cleaned up further to ...
Briefly Noted: Viaspace Methanol Cartriges
VIASPACE Inc., a Pasadena, CA-based spinoff from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, is jumping into the micro fuel cell fray with the announcement that its subsidiary, Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Corp., has designed a new plastic methanol fuel cell cartridge for portable electronic devices. The release says the cartridge holds 50 cc of methanol, good for running a laptop for more than 5 hours. Contact: VIASPACE, CEO Dr. Carl Kukkonen (media), 626/296-6310.
Briefly Noted: Fuel Cells 2000 Survey
An updated survey by Fuel Cells 2000 says there are now more than two thousand fuel cells operating worldwide in more than 26 countries providing backup or, in some cases, renewable on site power. The 65-page survey includes manufacturer, location, fuel cell size, fuel type, operating information and pictures, where available - from “Acumentrics” to “Unknown” in Connecticut. Fuel Cells 2000 program director Jennifer Gangi says the chart compilation is a work in progress, and the group welcomes any additions and corrections, including technical data and photographs. ...
Briefly Noted: Linde Gas/Proton Energy Systems
Linde Gas, the Cleveland, OH-based U.S. subsidiary of Germany’s Linde AG’s gas and engineering division, has signed an agreement with Proton Energy Systems, Inc. to distribute the company’s line of HOGEN on-site hydrogen generation systems. Proton is a subsidiary of Wallingford, CT-based Distributed Energy Systems Corp. Linde Gas will market HOGENs to energy and utility customers in the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean. Its parent Linde AG earlier this year launched an ambitious proposal for a 1,100 mile European Hydrogen Highway (H&FCL March 05). Contact: Linde Gas ...
Briefly Noted: Ballard Fork Lift Fuel Cells
Expanding horizons, but the plot thickens: Ballard Power Systems, Vancouver, BC, has been picked to provide 27 Mk 902 4.8 kW fuel cells to Cellex Power Products for a round of beta trials of fork lift trucks, Ballard announced in August. Earlier, in July, Cellex said it had completed a first round of alpha trials of such fuel cell fork lift trucks with Wal-Mart, but using its own 2.5 kW fuel cells it had developed jointly with Dupont (H&FCL Aug. 05). Cellex also said at the time it was looking at other manufacturers for a second round of beta trials with 12 such vehicles Wal-Mart had agreed ...
Briefly Noted: S. Korean Hydrogen Economy Plans
South Korea’s Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Economy has drawn up a blueprint that calls for the country to become a functioning hydrogen economy by 2040, according to an Aug. 12 report by the country’s Yonhap News agency. The plan, signed off by a ministerial meeting chaired by the country’s minister of finance and economy, Han Duck-soo, calls for more than half of South Korea’s cars to be fuel cell-powered by that date, that 23% of home electricity will be derived from fuel cells, and that 22% of all power generation will be based on fuel cells. If all goes ...
Briefly Noted: GE Energy Hybrid Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine
Atlanta-based GE Energy has won a U.S. Energy Department contract to develop a very efficient 100 MW hybrid fuel cell-gas turbine power plant, the company announced. Under the 10-year, three-phase $83 million agreement the company will design and demonstrate the integrated gasification fuel cell system that incorporates a hybrid solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and a gas turbine as the primary power generation unit. A key objective is to achieve more than 50% total efficiency burning coal; typical conventional pulverized coal-fired power plants operate at about 35% efficiency. Phase I of the ...
Briefly Noted: New California Solar Plant
Southern California Edison, a Rosemead, CA-based subsidiary of Edison International that describes itself as the nation’s leading buyer of renewable energy, says it has signed a 20-year power purchase agreement with Stirling Energy Systems, Phoenix, AZ that could lead to the construction of a massive solar generating station of ultimately 4,500 acres. The agreement, subject to approval by the California Public Utilities Commission, calls for the development of a 500 MW solar project 70 miles northeast of Los Angeles in the Mojave Desert, providing enough electric power for 278,000 ...
Fast Forward: AC Transit Hybrid Bus
AC Transit, the Oakland, CA-based transit agency that is going to launch its new full-sized 40-foot Van Hool 120 kW fuel cell hybrid fuel cell buses later this year or early next year (H&FCL Aug. 05), is positively aglow about the performances of both its earlier 30-foot prototype and prospects for the new 40-footers which have been undergoing testing for the last four months. The 30-footer which covered more than 8,000 miles in revenue service last year recorded roughly double the fuel economy of the same-sized diesel version: 7.6 miles/gallon equivalent compared to 3.8 miles/gallon for the ...
Fast Forward: GM-Toyota
On again, off again: the widely reported General Motors-Toyota fuel cell cooperation. Much ballyhooed with leaks last spring in from Japan (H&FCL June 05) and reinforced in July by another upbeat AP story saying talks were in the final stages, the deal is either dead or has stalled, depending on whether you read the Asahi Shimbun or the Kyodo News versions. GM isn’t confirming or denying, but merely says it has been talking with Toyota for the past 5-6 years on a variety of fuel cell issues on a regular basis, and nothing has changed. On another front, GM did confirm an early-August ...
Fast Forward: UC Davis China Connection
Starting this fall, there’s likely to be a new China Connection at the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California Davis. If everything goes according to plan, Institute director Dan Sperling will head a new China Center on Energy and Transportation in Davis, a cooperative effort between the Davis institute and, initially, Tongji University in Shanghai and Tsinghua University in Beijing. (Tongji University was instrumental in assembling China’s Start II fuel cell prototype, based on a Volkswagen Santana - H&FCL Feb. 03, June 04 [China Report], July 04). ...
The prototype fc "Start 3" MPV China Shows 3rd-Generation Fuel Cell Cars, Carmaker Plans 2010 Commercial Series
SHANGHAI - China’s fledgling automotive fuel cell technology advanced another step forward with the public showing of its third-generation fuel cell vehicle, the Start 3. Also unveiled was a fuel cell-powered station wagon, dubbed Start 3 MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle). While the sedan still looked pretty much like the original VW Santana on which it was based, the MPV version is based on a car produced by Shanghai Automobile Industry Company (SAIC), one of China’s biggest automakers that is partnering with Volkswagen and General Motors, according to an Aug. 28 story in “China ...
Correction: Van Hool
Bus manufacturer Van Hool was mistakenly identified as a Dutch company in the August 2005 issue (“UTC Fuel Cells Upgrades PAFC Stationary Plant Design, Eyes Future 400 kW Version”). Van Hool is a Belgian company, located in Koningshooikt, near the city of Lier.
Clean H2 Vehicles Program on Track, But Many Challenges, Says New NRC Report
WASHINGTON, DC - A new report by the National Research Council assessing the government’s FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program says the project is on the right track and has correctly identified all major hurdles that need to be to be overcome. The 150-page report by a new 16-member NRC committee of bot retired and active academics and auto and energy executives, formed last fall specifically to review FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) progress, continues in the same judicious vein - mixing low-key praise with reservations - evident in the council’s initial massive ...
A schematic depiction of the various elements of the Solzinc project, a cyclic ZnO-Zn solar driven process to produce electricity in Zn-air fuel cells. The hydrogen production part is now shown. Solar Hydrogen: French/Swiss/Israeli/Swedish Team Tests Zinc-Based H2-Producing Solar Reactor
ORLANDO, FL - Clean solar energy substitutes for polluting fossil fuels in a process that converts zinc oxide to zinc as solid fuel for zinc-air fuel cells and to produce hydrogen by reacting it with water, opening a new way of storing solar energy. The new solar technology involving scientists and technologies from four countries is being tried on near-industrial scale at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel. It is financially supported by the European Union and by the Swiss Federal Office of Science and Education. The pilot “Solzinc” solar reactor, commissioned late ...
New Energy Bill Authorizes Billions for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies
WASHINGTON, DC - The huge new energy bill that finally made it out of Congress last month after years of bickering and stalemate includes what look like unprecedented funding levels for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. President Bush, in signing the $14.5 billion, ten-year bill August 8 at ceremonies at Sandia National Laboratories, in Albuquerque, NM, said that in addition to strengthening the entire energy spectrum - from clean coal, natural gas and nuclear to ethanol, biodiesel to renewables such as solar and wind and geothermal energy - “it also includes strong support for ...

August 2005

Transitions
Vancouver, BC-based Xantrex Technology, Inc. has appointed former Ford Motor Co. executive John Wallace as interim Chief Executive Officer, effective immediately. He replaces former CEO Ray Rosewall who is no longer with the company. Wallace, 56, has been a Xantrex director since 2003. He retired from Ford in August 2002, after a ten-year tenure. His final assignment at Ford was executive director of the TH!NK Group for hybrid, fuel cell and electric vehicles. Xantrex develops and markets advanced power electronic equipment. Its chairman is Mossadiq S. Umedaly, formerly a key Ballard Power ...
Events
The "International Conference and Trade Fair for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies" is planned for Aug.31-Sept. 1 at the Hamburg Messe Fairgrounds, Hamburg, Germany. Details: www.hamburg-messe.de/H2Expo The "26th Risø International Symposium on Materials Science - Solid State Electrochemistry" is scheduled for Sept. 4-8 at Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark. Details: Anita Voss, phone +45/4677 5800, fax +45/4677 5758; e-mail symp26@risoe.dk; www.risoe.dk/afm/symp26 The "9th International Conference 'Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon ...
Briefly Noted: Russian Hydrogen Plant
Hamilton, Bermuda-based Foster-Wheeler Ltd. reports its British subsidiary has been awarded a contract to prepare a basic design package for a hydrogen production facility in Russia. The design by the company's UK division, Foster Wheeler Energy Limited, will be a 27 million standard cubic feet per day (scfd) steam reforming plant for the Khabarovsk refinery owned by OJSC "Oil Company Alliance," producing hydrogen with a minimum purity of 99.9% by volume. Foster Wheeler did not disclose the value of the contract. The company has designed more than 100 hydrogen plants with a total installed ...
Briefly Noted: PEMEAS-E-TEK Merger
Two makers of fuel cell complementary fuel cell components, Germany's PEMEAS and the fuel cell division of Italy's Gruppo De Nora, plan to merge. PEMEAS, based in Frankfurt with some 40 employees, is the only commercial supplier of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAS) for high temperature PEM fuel cells. E-TEK, a division of De Nora North America, Inc., develops and manufactures catalysts and gas diffusion electrodes. E-TEK is located in Somerset, NJ with about 20 employees. Taken together, both companies hold about 120 active patents and patent applications. Contacts: PEMEAS, Carsten ...
Briefly Noted: AeroVironment LH2 High Flyer
AeroVironment, the Monrovia, CA-based developer of high-altitude long-endurance airplanes, has flown the world's first liquid hydrogen, fuel cell-powered unmanned aerial vehicle. The glider-like plane has a 50 foot wing span and is powered by a PEM fuel cell which generates electricity to turn eight propellers on the wing's leading edge. The company won't reveal details such as the fuel cell's output or manufacturer or tank design, but merely says the prototype plane can stay aloft for more than a week with a 1,000 pounds payload capacity at altitudes of more than 65,000 feet. The prototype, ...
Briefly Noted: DTE Hydrogen Energy Park
With almost no fanfare, DTE Energy opened its new multi-use Hydrogen Energy Technology Park to the public in mid-July with an Open House complete with tours, rides in fuel cell vehicles and refreshments. Located in the Detroit suburb of Southfield, the facility was officially unveiled last fall. The second such park - the first was built in Las Vegas - can produce 60 kg of hydrogen and 400 kwhr/day, utilizing solar and biomass electrolysis systems. Full completion is scheduled for 2009. The utility is partnering with the Energy Department, BP and DaimlerChrysler in the project, intended to ...
Briefly Noted: GM Survey
A General Motors-sponsored survey of American attitudes toward U.S. energy policy and and emerging automotive technologies has found, Americans believe energy security should be the top priority of the country's energy policy. The survey also found wide support for a large "moon shot"-type effort to to develop a hydrogen economy. The survey, conducted in June by Peter D. Hart Associates, a Washington, DC-based polling firm, also found that Americans give domestic carmakers much less credit compared to their Japanese counterparts when it comes to meeting this challenge. "While the survey ...
Briefly Noted: Plug Power Sales
Latham, NY-based Plug Power Inc. last month reported the sale of 116 GenCore backup fuel cell systems to Tyco Electronics Power Systems, a player in the telecom industry. The company also sold 12 of the 5 kW backup systems to Florida's Environmental Protection Department, bringing the grand total for this year to 174. Earlier, the company said at its annual meeting its sales goal for this year is 300 units (H&FCL June 05). Contact: Plug Power Cynthia Mahoney White, phone 518/782-7700, ext. 1973, e-mail cynthia_mahoneywhite@plugpower.com
Briefly Noted: Medis UK Deal
Following on the heels of its cooperation agreement with an unnamed major U.S. mobile operator - said to be Cingular (H&FCL July 05) - Medis Technologies Ltd announced another deal in Europe for market testing its fuel cell Power Packs. The agreement is with what it called "a broadly affiliated United Kingdom mobile telephone operator." As before, no names were mentioned, but Medis said this one is "a recent entrant into the market, offering to its customer base, which has already reached eight million subscribers, one of the most advanced video mobile (3G) networks in the world" and part of ...
Briefly Noted: Wal-Mart Fuel Cell Pallet Trucks
Wal-Mart is looking at fuel cells for warehouse operations: Vancouver, BC-based developer of fuel cell products for industrial vehicles, Cellex Power Products, Inc., reports Wal-Mart has completed a first round of alpha trials of four pallet trucks powered by 2.5 kW PEM stacks, developed jointly with DuPont, at a distribution center in Harrisonville, MO. Cellex vice president for U.S. sales and marketing, Tom Hoying, told H&FCL the vehicles were built by Crown Equipment Corp., New Bremen, OH. The two-week trials took place at the start of the year. Wal-Mart has agreed to a second round as ...
Briefly Noted: EC Testing Center
The European Commission last month opened a new hydrogen storage and fuel cell testing facility in Petten, the Netherlands. The new facility is part of the commission's efforts to provide policymakers and industry with independent evaluation of the performance of hydrogen and fuel cell technology, Commissioner for Science and Research Janez Potocnik said during opening ceremonies. The new facilities will be able to simulate lifetime operational conditions of fuel cells and hydrogen fuel tanks and conduct tests of the efficiency, safety, environmental impact and reliability of hydrogen ...
Briefly Noted: UK Decarbonized Power Plant
British Petroleum (BP) has started engineering and design work for DF-1, the first industrial-scale plant to generate electricity using hydrogen extracted from natural gas to produce "decarbonized fuel," reducing carbon dioxide emissions by some 90%. The basic concept combines hydrogen power generation and carbon capture and storage into one integrated 350 MW combined cycle gas turbine power station, DF-1, that would convert up to 70 million cubic feet of natural gas per day into hydrogen and carbon dioxide. BP and its partners - ConocoPhillips, Shell and Scottish and Southern Energy - plan ...
Malaysia's Agni REAL fuel cell car Malaysia's Agni Energy Co. Claims to be Developing Affordable Fuel Cell Car
KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA - A Malaysian company, Agni, Inc., here claims to be on its way to commercializing an affordable fuel cell car, dubbed the REAL. In e-mailed press releases sent to various publications and on its website, Agni says the REAL - it stands for Renewable Energy Automobile - "is the first Malaysian street ready car." The company says it has signed several Memorandums of Understanding with entities in Europe, the United States and Asia's main markets to produce 50 fuel cell vehicles "at rates significantly lower than that envisaged today." The company has released a ...
This is one of Hamburg's "Alstersonne" (Alster Sun) river tourism catamarans that may be converted to fuel cell power. Fast Forward: Fuel Cell Tourist Vessel
The folks who brought you the world's first operational fuel cell submarine, Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft (HDW - H&FCL April, Sept. 02; Oct. 03) are working on a fuel cell-powered passenger ship for canals and inland waterways. HDW-Fuel Cell Systems GmbH (HFCS), the shipyard's Kiel, Germany-based subsidiary, is drawing up plans to convert a 120 passenger glass-enclosed, shallow-draft twin-hull catamaran of a type used in Hamburg to ferry tourists through the port city's Alster canal, a tributary to the main Elbe river, year round (except when the canals freeze over). HFCS plans to install ...
Perspectives: Hydrogen Pioneer Cesare Marchetti Still Bets on Nuclear Power as Primary Source
FLORENCE, ITALY - Cesare Marchetti, the Italian physicist who, together with a handful of like-minded scientists around the world began promoting the idea of a global Hydrogen Economy back in the 1960s, believes nuclear energy will still emerge as a main primary energy source as the hydrogen economy evolves. The concept of hydrogen energy has successfully passed its first phase, widespread public acceptance, Marchetti asserts. Now the second phase, lasting half a century or so, of developing the technology and launching it into global society is getting underway, he told H&FCL in a ...
The Morgan Aero 8 British Sports Car Maker Morgan to Build a Fuel Cell Sports Car
GOSPORT, HAMPSHIRE, UK - Morgan, the last of the legendary British sports carmakers, is doing a Back to the Future. The tiny producer which builds only about 1,000 of its uniquely retro-styled cars a year, is teaming up with five other British institutions and companies in a Pound Sterling 1.9 million ($3.4 million) project to build the PEM-powered LIFECar in a two-and-a-half year project partially funded by Britain's Department of Trade and Industry. The LIFEcar will be a hybrid PEM-powered system of about 24 kW assisted by ultracapacitors that will be recharged by regenerative ...
UTC Fuel Cells Upgrades PAFC Stationary Plant Design, Eyes Future 400 kW Version
SOUTH WINDSOR, CT - For years, naysayers have predicted the imminent demise of UTC Fuel Cell's 200 kW fuel cell power plant, the industry's phosphoric acid (PAFC) workhorse for a decade and a half. Ever since the PureCell™ 200, formerly known as the PC25™, was launched in 1991, more than 275 copies of these natural gas-fired generating plants have been delivered to customers around the world by UTC Fuel Cells here or its predecessor companies, International Fuel Cells and ONSI Corp., probably more than by any competitor. But once the company started developing a PEM-based ...
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Rolls Royce Opens First Automated Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Pilot Production Line
LOUGHBOROUGH, ENGLAND - With assists from partners in the United States and Asia, Rolls Royce Fuel Cell Systems Ltd., has launched what is described as the world’s first automated production line for solid oxide fuel cells here. The new facility, located in the business park of Loughborough University, is a pilot facility so far. Rolls Royce has not released production capacities in terms of kW or MW, nor has it said anything about total investment costs and timetables for commercial production. More details are expected to be made available later this year when an official press ...
Prof. T. Nejat Veziroglu, left, and UNIDO director Anthony Bromley, both instrumental in creating the new ICHET Center, are being interviewed for TV in front of the Hyundai exhibit at the Istanbul conference site. (Picture courtesy Arno Evers Fair-PR; more conference pictures are at http://www.fair-pr.com/meet-aae/turkey2005/index.php) New Turkish UN Hydrogen Center Opens with International Conference
ISTANBUL - Just about a year after its official launch and a dozen years after it was first proposed, the new International Centre for Hydrogen Technologies (UNIDO-ICHET) opened its doors to its first conference last month. True to Istanbul's venerable status as a traditional East-West crossroads, the International Hydrogen Energy Congress and Exhibition (IHEC) 2005 July 13-15 drew about 1,200 registered participants from 60 countries. Another 800 or so Turkish academics, engineers and students attended the opening session. In all, some 345 speakers presented findings in 20 parallel ...

July 2005

Transitions
David K. Garman was sworn in last month as the new Under Secretary of Energy for Energy, Science and Environment by Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman. Garman, who has served as Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy since 2001, had been Acting Undersecretary for some time until his Senate confirmation in mid-June. .......Ohio governor Bob Taft has been presented with the U.S. Fuel Cell Council’s Pathfinder Award at the National Academy of Engineering’s regional technology conference in Cleveland in early June. Taft’s vision and persistence were ...
Events
The “5th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Mass Transfer and Energy Conversion” will be held July 3-8 at Xi’an Jiaotong University in Xi’an, P.R. China. Details: Organizing Committee Prof. L. J. Guo, e-mail lj-guo@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; website www.ismf05.xjtu.edu.cn; Secretariat of ISMF ‘05, phone +86/29/2668 767 The “3rd European Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Forum” and the “Lucerne Fuel Cell Forum” will be held simultaneously July 4-8 at the Kultur-und Kongresszentrum Luzern, Lucerne, Switzerland. Details: www.efcf.com, e-mail ...
Briefly Noted: FC Guidelines for Mobile PCs
The San Francisco-based Mobile PC Extended Battery Life Working Group has released its “Fuel Cell Guidelines for Mobile PCs” to the industry. The guidelines cover electrical, mechanical, control, thermal, environmental aspects of fuel cells designed for PCs. The document can be obtained by contacting the working group at eblwginfo@eblwg.org; details at www.eblwg.org. Contact: Connie M. Brown, 503/264-4339, e-mail connie.m.brown@intel.com
Briefly Noted: Ballard Divestment
In the second of three steps in divesting itself of its German subsidiary, Ballard Power Systems Inc. last month signed a formal agreement with DaimlerChrysler AG and Ford Motor Co. to sell its German branch, Ballard Power Systems AG in Nabern, back to the two carmakers. Ballard which first announced the hand-off last summer (H&FCL Aug. 04) says it will recover at least US $20 million immediately and will reduce annual cash consumption by $25 million, and it marks the fourth alliance agreement among the three under which the two vehicle manufacturers will contribute up to $59 million for ...
Briefly Noted: FuelCell Energy Orders
Danbury, CT-based FuelCell Energy Inc. last month announced the sale of a 250 kW DFC 300MA™ power plant for the U.S. Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center at Twentynine Palms, CA. The center, 45 miles north of Palm Springs, provides year-round instruction to ensure continued readiness of trainees from all branches of the armed services. The new plant will complement the base’s existing array of distributed generation equipment, providing on-site base load power, with demand fluctuating between a maximum of 15-20 MW during 120 deg. F summer and 6 MW during winter months. Also last ...
Briefly Noted: Forecasts
Two new forecasts predict substantial growth in both the fuel cell and hydrogen markets in the coming decade. A study by the Cleveland-based Freedonia Group predicts commercial demand for fuel cell products and services will reach $2.6 billion by 2009 - an almost sevenfold increase over current estimates - and 13.6 billion in 2014.World fuel cell spending, including research and development funding and investment in fuel cell enterprises in addition to commercial sales, will more than double to $10.8 billion, according to this forecast. Electric power generation needs is emerging as the ...
Briefly Noted: Renssalaer Fuel Cell Education Grants
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY has been awarded a $3.2 million first-of-its-kind fuel cell research education grant by the National Science Foundation. The money will go towards RPI’s newly established $4.8 million interdisciplinary program to train doctoral students in fuel cell science and engineering, the institute announced. Beginning in the fall 2005 semester and over the course of five years, 28 doctoral students will have the opportunity to study fuel cell science and engineering, focusing on manufacturing, materials development, and modeling for design, manufacturing ...
Briefly Noted: Alanate Safety Tests
First safety tests of hydrogen-charged nano-scale natrium alanates indicate that, contrary to what had been expected in a tank burst, these powders don’t ignite or burn, reports the HyTecGroup at the Karlsruhe Research Center in Germany. “Initially at least, this is surprising, because we had assumed that nanoscale powder exposed to air would quickly ignite and would cause a deflagration,” said Dr. Maximilian Fichtner, head of the center’s hydrogen storage activities. In the test setup, regarded as typical in a future advanced hydrogen storage system, the natrium alanate ...
Addison Bain’s “The Freedom Element” Traces 40 Years of Living with Hydrogen
COCOA BEACH, FL – “The Freedom Element - Living With Hydrogen,” is the title of Addison Bain’s book of reminiscences and professional experiences of more than four decades in and around hydrogen energy. Bain, a veteran supporter of hydrogen as fuel and a founding member of the National Hydrogen Association and the International Association for Hydrogen Energy, was for many years the manager in charge of hydrogen and other fuels used by NASA’s space program, including the Space Shuttle. Dr. Bain came to national attention with his 1997 study in which he concluded, ...
UK Government Proposes £40 Million Carbon Abatement, H2 R&D Package
LONDON - Billed as a runup to the early-July G8 Summit in Scotland where global warming issues are scheduled to be center stage, the British government last month announced a £40 million (about $73 million) funding package spread over several years for carbon abatement and hydrogen technologies. As outlined by the UK’s energy minister Malcolm Wicks in mid-June, the carbon abatement technology (CAT) package of £25 million ($45.8 million) is expected to include projects to demonstrate carbon dioxide storage in depleted North Sea oil and gas fields, possibly by 2015. Other ...
Intelligent Energy to Merge with U.S. Firm, Launches FC Bike in California
LOS ANGELES - In what at first blush seems like an unlikely arrangement, a California maker of nautical apparel that has fallen on hard times, Dickie Walker Marine, Inc., Oceanside, CA is acquiring a British fuel cell technology developer, Intelligent Energy, designer of the ENV, a funkily futuristic fuel cell bike (H&FCL April 05). But in reality, the deal represents what Intelligent Energy CEO Harry Bradbury told H&FCL is a “reverse merger” in which Intelligent Energy is really acquiring Dickie Walker Marine “for the purpose of being publicly traded” on the NASDAQ. ...
Furniture Maker IKEA Calls on Customers with Fuel Cell-Powered HydroGen3
BERLIN - IKEA goes hydrogen: Two employees of the Swedish furniture maker’s Berlin store load the goodies into a General Motors/Opel HydroGen3 fuel cell vehicle for delivery to a customer. IKEA here is the latest company to lease the liquid hydrogen-powered minivan as part of the Clean Energy Partnership Berlin (CEP) (H&FCL Jan., Dec. 04). The cooperative joint effort in the German capital unites the Aral gasoline retail chain, carmaker BMW, the Berlin transit agency BVG, DaimlerChrysler, Ford, electrolyzer maker Hydro/GHW, industrial gas producer Linde and the Vattenfall Europe ...
Fast Forward: Linde's New H2 Liquefier
The German industrial gas company Linde AG is about to start construction of a new hydrogen liquefaction plant in Leuna, a sprawling petrochemical industry area near Leipzig in the former East Germany. Officially, Linde isn’t commenting, but industry sources and local media in the area have reported details of these plans. Linde, which is promoting the concept of a European Hydrogen Highway (H&FCL March 05), has been operating a 2.5 ton/day liquefaction plant in Ingolstadt in southern Germany, but the new one reportedly will have about twice that capacity, sources tell H&FCL. Completion ...
A schematic depiction of the hybrid DMFC electrode designed by the Notre Dame team. Illuminated Hybrid Platinum/Semiconductor Electrode Delivers More Output in DMFC
NOTRE DAME, IN - By grafting a semiconductor photocatalyst onto a carbon fiber paper electrode with a platinum-based catalyst, a team of scientists from the University of Notre Dame here and Indiana University Northwest in Gary has come up with a new hybrid electrode for a direct methanol fuel cell that, with light shining on it, produces considerably more power than a straight platinum-catalyzed electrode. But what’s really surprising is that even in darkness, when the TiO2 is presumed to be non-active, the hybrid electrode combining the titanium oxide semiconductor and the more or ...
Ocean Power Delivery's "Pelamis" wave power generator undergoes sea trials at the European Marine Energy Centre, Orkney. Renewables: First Commercial Wave Power, Largest Tidal Power Plants Launch in Portugal, Korea
LISBON/SEOUL - Long the dream of renewable energy supporters and environmentalists, commercial wave and tidal power projects are getting underway in Portugal and Korea. Advertised as the world’s first commercial “wave-farm”, an Edinburgh, Scotland-based company, Ocean Power Delivery (OPD), has signed a contract with a Portuguese consortium to build and install the first three “Pelamis” P-750 machines in the Atlantic 5 km (3 miles) off Portugal’s northern coast near the resort and fishing town of Povoa de Varzim, about 30 km (19 miles) north of Oporto. ...
Medis Signs Up Big Mobile Operator for Fuel Cell Packs, Extends General Dynamics Pact
NEW YORK - Is Medis Technologies breaking away from the herd and actually going to deliver a viable micro fuel cell? It’s beginning to look that way. Within a few days of each other, Medis announced what looked like a breakthrough deal with a major cell phone operator, and an electronics manufacturing agreement to produce its fuel cell Power Packs. And a major Medis partner, General Dynamics, said separately it would extend its exclusive marketing agreement for Medis Power Packs to the U.S. military and Homeland Security by two years and would offer the packs to military customers. ...
An NREL lab image of a buckyball doped with scandium with attached hydrogen atoms. DoE News: NREL & NIST Start Making Doped Nano-materials With Big H2 Storage Potentials
GOLDEN, CO/GAITHERSBURG, MD – Working independently of each other, scientists at two Federal research institutions have come up with theoretical, similar, pathways that may lead to novel materials for onboard hydrogen storage with capacities about 50% higher than what the Energy Department would like to achieve five years from now. In fact, both teams have told H&FCL that they have already begun work on actually making samples of these types of materials. Both the five-member team at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)and two researchers at the National Institute of ...
Honda Leases First-Ever Fuel Cell Car to Individual Consumers, a California Family
LOS ANGELES - Right on target for Independence Day festivities, Honda made transportation history last month by delivering the first ever fuel cell vehicle to private, individual consumers. Meet Jon and Sandy Spallino and their daughters Anna and Adrianna, California’s First Fuel Cell Family: the Spallinos signed a two-year, $500/month lease for a new 2005 hydrogen-powered fuel cell Honda FCX, making them the world’s first private everyday users of a fuel cell car. Honda is the only carmaker so far to have certified its fuel cell vehicle for regular daily use and the first to ...

June 2005

Transitions
Denver, CO-based Rentech, Inc. has added two new members to its Board of Directors. Effective May 11, Michael F. Ray and David P. Zimel will join the company’s board. Ray has more than 20 years of chemical industry experience, including work with oxygenated gasoline additives. Zimel is CEO of a Portland, OR based shopping center development and management company. Their appointment coincides with the resignation of Douglas A. Sheeran from the board. Rentech is the developer of a patented proprietary gas-to-liquids process to make various fuels for, among other things, fuel ...
Events
A “Fuel Cell” conference is scheduled for June 7-8 at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Minneapolis, MN. Details: www.fuelcell-magazine.com The “2nd Annual International Conference on Power Electronics for Distributed and Cogeneration (PEDAC ‘O5)” is scheduled for June 27-29 in Detroit, MI at the Sheraton Detroit-Novi Hotel. Details:http://www.powerpulse.net/pedac/ The “5th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Mass Transfer and Energy Conversion” will be held July 3-8 at Xi’an Jiaotong University in Xi’an, P.R. China. Details: Organizing ...
Briefly Noted: High School Fuel Cell Contest Winners
Six high school teams have won $9,000 in the third annual Hydrogen Fuel Cell Model Car Challenge at the end of April in Washington, DC, part of the U.S. Energy Department’s National Science Bowl. Woodrow Wilson High School, Portland, OR took the first place in the Grand Prix speed race, and the Harker School of San Jose, CA became “King of the Hill,” climbing a 20 degree incline with their hydrogen-powered model car. Second and third place in the speed event went to Ward Melville High School, East Setauket, NY and Skyview High School, Vancouver, WA. Lexington High School of ...
Briefly Noted: Oxford Intelligence Renewables Study
A new study by a British consultancy says renewable energy investment projects in Western Europe are likely to surge during the next 2-5 years – “IF governments remain committed.” The 423-page, £4,200 study, “Renewable Energies in Europe - Market Development Prospects and International Corporate Investment Strategies” by Oxford Intelligence, Whaddon, says almost 80% of international renewable energy companies interviewed had plans for investing in international business operations in 2005 and 2006. Western Europe is described as offering the biggest ...
Briefly Noted: LIPA Wind Plans
The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) has installed its first combination of solar power and fuel cell technologies on Long Island at the headquarters of Local 25 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers in Hauppage, NY. The 15 kW array of PV panels on the building’s roof is interconnected with the natural gas-fueled 5 kW Plug Power fuel cell, providing electricity and hot water. The system is intended as a training facility for electricians and apprentices to familiarize them with the technology, and it is part of a 10-year $355 million LIPA program to accelerate the use ...
Briefly Noted: FuelCell Energy
Danbury, CT-based FuelCell Energy Inc. last month announced the sale of two 250 kW Direct FuelCell molten carbonate fuel cell power plants. The first announcement covered the sale and delivery of the plant to a planned renewable energy showcase eco-community in Kyotang City, Kyoto Prefecture, on Japan’s west coast via the company’s Asian distributor, Marubeni Corp. The fuel cell plant will convert waste from a food processing plant, and heat generated by the plant will be used to warm water flowing into the food waste digestion process. It is part of an 850 kW mini-grid consisting ...
Briefly Noted: HERA/McGill University
HERA Hydrogen Storage Systems Inc., Longueuil, Quebec, has acquired the exclusive license for a “substantial” intellectual property portfolio developed by McGill University, Montreal, in the area of advanced hydride materials for storage. The inventions include advanced hydride materials based on light metals such as lithium that have a reversible hydrogen storage capacity of about 9 weight %; modification methods to synthesize and improve the performance of advanced hydride, including various types of alanates; and a method of hydrogen generation based on reacting advanced ...
Briefly Noted: Norway H2 Plans
Norway stole the show in Europe last month with triple-pronged moves towards the greater use of hydrogen as transportation fuel: An announcement of a three-year plan to build hydrogen infrastructure for vehicle fueling along a 580 kilometer (362 miles) highway from Oslo to Stavanger; inaugurating a hydrogen-fueled delivery van by the country’s road construction and maintenance agency, Mesta; and permitting the use of limited-access taxi and bus roadways by hydrogen fueled vehicles. While the last item is probably mostly symbolic - the Mesta van is apparently the only H2 vehicle in the ...
Briefly Noted: Toyota Tanks
Toyota Motor Corp. has developed a new line of high-pressure all-composite hydrogen tanks rated at 35 and 70 MPa (5,076 and 10,153 psi) for fuel cell vehicles, the company says. Both have been certified by the High Pressure Gas Safety Institute of Japan. The tanks employ an anti-leak liner made of high-strength nylon resin with what is claimed to be superior hydrogen permeation prevention. Technical details were to have been released at the 2005 JSAE Annual Congress at the Pacifico Yokohama conference complex that got underway May 18. Source: www.toyota.co.jp/en/news/05/0516.html
Briefly Noted: DoE Science Grants
The Energy Department has announced $64 million in grants over three years for 70 hydrogen research projects to 50 research organizations in five main areas: New materials for hydrogen storage (17 projects); separation, purification and ion transport membranes (16 projects); nanoscale catalysts (18 projects); solar hydrogen production (13 projects); and bio-inspired materials and processes (6 projects). Source: www.energy.gov. The list of projects and institutions is at http:www.energy.gov/engine/doe/files/dynamic/25420051498_Hydrogen64MillionAttachment.pdf.
CORRECTION:
The print version of last month’s issue, May 2005, was misnumbered as No. 1. The correct number is No. 5.
Opportunities: Hannover Young People Competition
The organizers of the Hydrogen + Fuel Cells Group Exhibit at the Hannover, Germany, Fair April 24-26, 2006 are sponsoring a “Worldwide Hydrogen Ambassadors Competition” for young people 11 years and up grouped in four age categories, “Implementing Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the Real World.” Winning teams will be given free exhibit booth space. Entries must be written in English and should not exceed 1,000 words, and the winners will be asked to construct models or three dimensional displays of their concepts. The entry submissions deadline is September 30th, 2005. ...
Opportunities: UNIDO-ICHET Jobs
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization’s International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies (UNIDO-ICHET), Istanbul, Turkey, announces the following positions: Research Proposal Developer/Writer: Major Responsibilities: Develop and write individual and block research proposals, and meeting and workshop proposals for funding. Work with pilot project teams to shape the “case” for each project into specific proposals to prospective funding agencies. Qualifications: Ph.D. Degree in science or engineering and relevant experience with non-profit ...
Opportunities: Baker Student Award
The organizers of the Fuel Cell Seminar, together with FuelCell Energy Inc., have established the Dr. Bernard S. Baker Student Award for Fuel Cell Research for currently enrolled graduate or undergraduate students. The award, consisting of a medal, a $2,000 monetary award and a complimentary registration to the 2005 Fuel Cell Seminar to be held in November 2005 in Palm Springs, CA, will be announced at the Seminar. The purpose is to encourage and recognize exceptional students in the field of fuel cell-related technologies. Dr. Baker, a fuel cell pioneer and founder of FuelCell Energy, ...
Plug Power Hopes to Sell 300 GenCore Systems in 2005, Strengthens Honda Ties
NEW YORK - “The markets do exist, they are reacting slowly, but we think our persistence will result in success this year,” said Plug Power’s chief executive officer Roger B. Saillant last month at the company’s annual stockholders meeting here. Amplifying on this somber view, Saillant acknowledged in a post-conference interview the North American fuel cell industry has faced some rough sledding recently. “The industry is really slumping at this point, and investors are losing interest,” he told H&FCL. “They want to see sales and create some real sales ...
GM, Toyota Weigh Joint Production of Fuel Cells, Fuel Cell Vehicles in Tokyo Talks
DETROIT/TOKYO - The world’s Number One and Number Two automakers, General Motors and Toyota, are weighing the idea of joint production of fuel cells and fuel cell vehicles, possibly on the model of their joint car assembly plant in California. This is the gist and background of media reports out of Tokyo last month where GM’s chief executive Rick Wagoner met with Toyota’s honorary chairman Shoichiro Toyoda and Toyota president Fujio Cho to discuss strengthening the companies’ relationship, especially for environmentally friendly vehicles. GM’s official position ...
Global Winds Sufficient to Meet Total Energy Needs, Stanford Study Suggests
WASHINGTON, DC - The planet’s winds, even if only partially harnessed, can generate more than enough power as electric energy to satisfy the world’s total energy demands, a new Stanford University study suggests. The report by Cristina L. Archer and Mark Z. Jacobson, of Stanford’s Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, analyzed more than 8,000 wind speed measurements in an effort to identify the world’s wind power potential - the first time that such an evaluation has been attempted. The paper was published last month in the Journal of Geophysical ...
Fast Forward: FY '06 House Earmarks
Some scientists at national laboratories as well as others are worrying once again that “Congressionally directed projects” - pork work dear to specific members of Congress - are going to eat into DoE’s fiscal year 2006 spending plans, potentially undermining the department’s overall R&D strategy (H&FCL March 05). Case in point is Title III of the House Energy and Water Appropriations Committee FY 06 report which, on p. 100, lists 55 such projects totaling about $56,950,000 to be included in DoE’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) spending plans. The ...
Bush Promotes H2; Senate Committee Votes Energy Bill; US Fuel Cell Council’s Hill Expo
WASHINGTON, DC - Did President Bush spur a Senate committee into instant action on the long-suffering energy bill, which includes quite a bit on hydrogen, just before Memorial Day? Well, not really. But only a day after Bush visited the new Benning Road Shell hydrogen fueling station May 25 in northeast Washington (H&FCL Dec. 04) for a photo-op to signal his support for hydrogen and the energy bill, the Senate Energy & Natural Resources Committee, after months of debate, on a 21-1 vote approved the bill and sent it on to be reconciled with the version approved earlier by the House of ...
Millennium Founder Amendola Proposes Urea/Ammonia-Based Energy System
OCEAN, NJ - Steven Amendola, the chemist who founded Millennium Cell Inc. and who introduced sodium borohydride to the international hydrogen community, has a new trick up his sleeve: A chemical energy system based on urea and ammonia. Both are industrial and agricultural chemical commodities, widely used in, among other things, the production of fertilizers, animal feeds, explosives, plastics and, in the case of urea, some hair conditioners and lotions and even as an alternative to rock salt as a less corrosive road deicer. Both can be used as energy carriers to feed hydrogen fuel to ...
Shell station operations coordinator Rick Scott explains to President Bush details of the Benning Road hydrogen fueling station in Washington, DC during a visit by Bush in late May. See story p.1. (White House Photo, via the Internet) DoE News: Record Turnout, Number of Presentations at Hydrogen Program Review Meeting
ARLINGTON, VA - Hydrogen seemed to be everywhere during the last week of May in the nation’s capital area: The U.S. Energy Department’s annual Hydrogen Program Overview here last month turned out to be bigger and more elaborate than the last one, with almost twice as many presentations and participants than last year. President Bush showed up at the new Shell hydrogen fueling station in the District of Columbia (H&FCL Dec. 04) for a photo-op, helping to refuel a fuel cell car to publicize his support for hydrogen and the energy bill. On Capitol Hill, meanwhile, the U.S. Fuel ...

May 2005

Transitions
Fideris, Inc., a Lowell, MA-based developer of fuel cell testing equipment, has named Frank C. Briden as the company’s chairman and chief executive officer. Jeff Bentley, who previously filled that post, will become president and chief operating officer, concentrating on sales and manufacturing. Prior to his new job Briden was director of business development for the Environmental Technologies Group of Engelhard Corp., Iselin, NJ............Albany, NY-based MTI MicroFuel Cells, Inc. has named Russel Marvin as vice president of engineering. Previously, Marvin was vice president and chief ...
CORRECTION:
CORRECTION: The vehicle Nissan is using to test its in-house designed new fuel cell stack is the X-Trail (not the Xterra, as reported in the April 05 “Briefs” section).
Events
The “International Conference on Solar Concentrators for the Generation of Electricity or Hydrogen” will be held May 1-6 at the Doubletree Paradise Valley Hotel, Scottsdale, AZ. Details: website www.nrel.gov/ncpv/scc/registration.html; David Glickson, NREL, 303/275-4097, David_Glickson@nrel.gov The “11th National Clean Cities Conference and Exposition” will be held May 4-6 at the Wyndham Resort, Palm Springs, CA followed by May 4-6 Fuel Cell Technology and option Hydrogen Workshop at the same venue. Details: Clean Cities, www.afvi.org/palmsprings; Fuel Cell Technology ...
Briefly Noted: Dissing Hydrogen
And finally, something from the Congressional-Pearls-of-Wisdom Dep’t: As reported April 21 by CNN.com, House Resources Committee Chairman Richard Pombo (R-CA), a key proponent of drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska, whispered, “This is bulls--t,” to House Majority Whip Roy Blunt as the two men stood listening to Rep. John Doolittle (R-CA) talk about the benefits of hydrogen fuel at a crowded Capitol Hill news conference just before the House began debate on the huge, contentious, energy bill. The CNN reporter who overheard the comment, asked Pombo ...
Briefly Noted: H2 Generation via Radiant Energy Transfer
A Palo Alto, CA engineer says he has developed a working prototype system that can produce hydrogen at yields greater than 86% and thermal efficiencies greater than 90%, using only power and heat and proprietary catalysts. Ronny Bar-Gadda says the only input is heat and water, including geothermal or solar power, to drive the cracking reaction via so-called Radiant Energy Transfer Technology (RET). Bar-Gadda who was the first program manager for alternative energy at Exxon where he invented a synthetic fuel process to produce hydrogen from coal or biomass gas as well as a Ni-Cu catalyst for ...
Briefly Noted: PV Forecast
Total shipments of photovoltaics modules are expected to almost triple in the next five years at an average annual growth rate of 23.4 %, from 973.1 MW last year to an estimated 2,783.1 MW by 2009, says a new study by Business Communications Co.(BCC), Norwalk, CT. In monetary terms, the value of 2004 shipments was estimated at $4.7 billion, and despite expected future cost reductions, will grow by an average of 11.7% annually to $8.2 billion by 2009, BCC says. Silicon technology which accounted for roughly 90% of the PV market in 2003, will continue to dominate in this period, with ...
Briefly Noted: IBM/Sanyo Micro FC System
IBM and Sanyo Electric have unveiled “initial plans” for a prototype micro direct methanol fuel cell system that would be compatible with most current ThinkPad notebooks. The entire system takes the shape of a docking station, with integrated fuel cell and changeable fueling cartridge, and the prototype system could supply up to eight hours of power, according to IBM’s April 11 release. The docking station also includes a bay to hold, and charge, an additional UltraBay Slim Battery, extending the power supply even further. Research of ThinkPad mobile technology takes place at ...
Briefly Noted: Prince Edward Wind-Hydrogen Plans
Canada’s Prince Edward Island Energy Corp. (PEI) is teaming with Mississauga, Ontario-based Hydrogenics Corp. in a Can $10.3 million wind-to-hydrogen village demonstration project. Claimed to be a world’s first, the three-year project will include the construction of a hydrogen energy station, a hydrogen storage depot, and a wind-hydrogen and a wind-diesel integrated control system to power the North Cape Interpretive Centre Complex, the Atlantic Wind Test Site, as well as other homes and buildings in the North Cape area. “Promoting....wind and hydrogen technologies is a key ...
Briefly Noted: Rolls-Royce/EnerTek
Britain’s Rolls-Royce has signed an agreement with a Singaporean consortium, EnerTek, to invest a total of $100 million to develop a commercially viable fuel cell power system, based on a solid oxide fuel cell/microturbine hybrid. The company’s Derby-based subsidiary, Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems Ltd. (RRFCS), set up two years ago, plans, as a first objective, to develop a stationary system of about 1MW ready for market delivery some time before 2008. One of the Singaporean investors is Accuron Technologies which will contribute ceramics to the project via its Advanced Materials ...
Aging PEM Catalysts, Solar Electricity Prospects Described in MIT Publication
CAMBRIDGE, MA - Platinum catalyst particles change size and location over time in a PEM fuel cell stack, contributing to the cell’s declining electricity output, says an article in the March issue of "energy & environment", the newsletter of the MIT Laboratory for Energy and the Environment. And a second report in the same issue concludes that “the tendency by energy experts and decision makers to dismiss solar power as ‘too expensive to be important’ may be a big mistake.” Prof. Yang Shao-Horn, director of MIT’s Electrochemical Energy Laboratory, and ...
A schematic rendering of the Y-shaped microfluidic channels at the heart of the laminar-flow micro fuel cell. Laminar-Flow Micro Fuel Cell Eliminates Membrane, Can Use Alkaline Chemistry
CHAMPAIGN, IL/CARY, NC - A team of scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) has come up with a novel micro fuel cell design that not only does away with the conventional membrane - and problems such as methanol crossover - but that can also function either as an alkaline or acidic system. One of the co-inventors, Larry J. Markowski, has already set up a company, INI Power Systems, Inc. in Cary in the North Carolina Research Triangle and is working a 20-watt prototype of the so-called laminar flow fuel cell (LFFC) fueled by direct methanol. Another key member ...
Fast Forward: Chinese Fuel Cell Progress
Fuel cell progress in China: A source at Shanghai Shenli High Tech Co., Ltd., tells H&FCL the company has completed its first fuel cell engine for a multi-purpose vehicle (MPV), one of ten passenger car engines the company is building under contract with China’s Ministry of Science and Technology (H&FCL China Report, June 04). The company is building another four bus fuel cell engines as well. The ten sedans and MPV are expected to be deployed at Shanghai’s Hongqiao Airport, the first fuel cell vehicles in commercial operation in China, according to the source. The airport is ...
Fast Forward: Stealth Hydrogen IC Development?
It’s just about impossible to confirm, but at least some industry experts believe that major carmakers other than Ford and BMW are quietly working on hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engines for vehicles, despite official denials or non-confirmation. One industry expert told H&FCL at the recent NHA conference in Washington he is convinced that both General Motors and DaimlerChrysler are working on hydrogen i.c.s, and he is fairly certain that Toyota is doing the same. He explained that every major carmaker employs, on average, about 1,000 powertrain developers and engineers, and ...
NHA Conference (Cont’d): China’s National H2 Plans, Goals; Mid-Atlantic H2 Coalition
WASHINGTON, DC - China has ambitious hydrogen plans and is in the process of drawing up a national roadmap, but there is a “marked difference” between the Chinese and U.S. approaches, according to an executive involved in the process. Speaking at a separate private sector briefing during the National Hydrogen Conference here March 29, Andre W. Van Rest, executive director of the Baltimore-based Mid-Atlantic Hydrogen Coalition and a former DoE official who has been involved in so far two joint U.S.-Chinese planning workshops in Beijing together with staffers from Energetics, Inc., ...
Prof. Birgit Scheppat, center, and two colleagues with their fuel cell-powered flying wing model airplane in their booth at the Hannover Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Joint Exhibit. Fuel Cell Flying Wing Highlights Hannover Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Group Exhibit
HANNOVER - Aeronautics - both archeological and avant-garde - seem to be among the signifiers of this spring’s round of hydrogen and fuel cell trade shows. At Tokyo’s FCExpo in January, one of the highlights was a fuel cell-powered pterodactyl (H&FCL Feb. 05). Last month, a fuel cell-powered flying wing built by a group of airplane model enthusiasts with the help of university experts stood out among the displays of the Hydrogen + Fuel Cells Group Exhibit at the Hannover Fair April 11-15. The remotely controlled flying wing - a type of aircraft that is still a rarity in ...
A PolyFuel researcher examines a sample of the company's new hydrocarbon membrane for fuel cells. PolyFuel Launches “Drop-In” Hydrocarbon Membrane to Substitute for Fluorocarbons
MOUNTAIN VIEW, CA - Membrane developer PolyFuel Inc. here has developed a new variant of its hydrocarbon membrane engineered for portable applications that it says makes it possible to substitute them directly for traditional fluorocarbon membranes in manufacturing membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs). While hydrocarbon-based membranes, typically for portable methanol fuel cells, are claimed to offer substantial advantages over fluorocarbon types in terms of reduced size, weight and cost and longer run times of entire portable systems, they also had required different methods in ...
The Fraunhofer Institute's "AutoTram" on the institute's test track outside of Dresden. Research Institute Unveils Fuel Cell Rail-Less Streetcar/Transit Bus “Train” Hybrid
DRESDEN, GERMANY - It looks like a streetcar without rails, it’s a super-long articulated bus, it’s AutoTram® - a genuinely innovative, fuel cell-powered people transporter that made its debut here last month. AutoTram’s prototype, developed over the last three years at the Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems here, is an 18-meter two-element, triple-axle articulated vehicle that, like a city bus, runs on rubber tires. But like a light rail streetcar, the futuristically-styled AutoTram - its official name is “intermediary transport ...

April 2005

Transitions
Mike Binder, for many years the U.S. Army’s voice for fuel cells and hydrogen, is taking early retirement from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers effective June 1. Dr. Binder has started his own consultancy, Mike Binder and Associates, Inc., (mikebinder@mikebinderassoc.com) in Champaign, IL...............Ned Stetson, a ten-year veteran and senior research scientist at ECD-Ovonics, Rochester Hills, MI, has left the company and has set up his own firm, Proteus Services Group LLC, Orion Township, MI. Among other things, Stetson’s new company will team up with Karl Gross, of Hy-Energy, ...
Events
The “11th Group Exhibit Hydrogen + Fuel Cells” will be held April 11-15 at the annual Hannover Fair, Germany. Details: www.fair-pr.com/; e-mail arno@fair-pr.com The “5th Annual Conference on Electric Platforms” is scheduled for April 18-20 at the Holiday Inn, Rosslyn at Key Bridge, Arlington, VA. Details: 310/563-1223; www.TechnologyTraining.com The “24th International Power Sources Symposium & Exhibition” will be held April 19-21 at the Corn Exchange, Brighton, UK. Details: Power Sources Symposium, phone 044/1892 540808, e-mail ...
Briefly Noted: Hydrogen wins Stymie Handicap
And finally, a headline from our It’s-Just-Another-Horserace-Dep’t: “Hydrogen wins Stymie Handicap in first start of year.” Said the lead in the March 5 SportsLine.com report, “NEW YORK -- Hydrogen rallied along the rail to nose out Aggadan in Saturday’s 50th running of the $79,775 Stymie Handicap for horses 3 and older at Aqueduct.” We’ve always said there’s hope.
Briefly Noted: Nissan Fuel Cell Testing
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. has begun road testing of its in-house designed new fuel cell stack and high-pressure hydrogen system. The tests are run on the company’s test track, apparently in one of its Xterra vehicles, and public road tests are expected to get underway later this year once the Japanese government issues appropriate license plates. Tests in the United States will eventually follow, but no date has been set. Nissan, which announced the new design in February, hasn’t released any performance details other than to say that the new stack is smaller and performs better than ...
Briefly Noted: U.S. Fuel Cell Council
The U.S. Fuel Cell Council (USFCC) has started an effort to develop data reporting guidelines and standardized testing procedures for a range of commonly employed solid oxide fuel cell test configurations, something that USFCC says is needed. Since not all configuration categories can be considered efficiently at the same time, the council’s solid oxide focus group is disseminating a survey to help it figure out the best approach in developing these guidelines and procedures. “We anticipate significant participation by the greater SOFC fuel cell community in response to our ...
Briefly Noted: Entegris/Mykrolis Linkup
Entegris, Inc., a Chaska, MN-based maker of bipolar and monopolar fuel cell plates (H&FCL Feb. 03), is merging with Mykrolis Corp., Billerica, MA, a global leader in materials integrity management of critical materials used in semiconductor, microelectronics, fuel cell and other industries, to form a new entity with combined sales of about $650 million annually. The deal is billed as a merger of equals, but the new company will still be known as Entegris, Inc. The new company will be headed Gideon Argov, now CEO of Mykrolis, and James E. Dauwalter, now CEO of Integris, will become ...
Briefly Noted: Nuvera/Deere & Co.
Nuvera Fuel Cells, Inc., of Milan, Italy and Cambridge, MA, says it has sold a 5.5 kW H2e™ fuel cell power module to agricultural equipment maker Deere & Company. According to Nuvera’s release, Deere plans to test and evaluate Nuvera’s hydrogen-powered system for possible use in future off-road equipment. Contact: Nuvera, Robert Derby, phone 617/245-7571, e-mail derby.r@nuvera.com
Briefly Noted: FuelCell Energy/Pepperidge Farms
Another fuel cell plant from FuelCell Energy, Inc.: The Danbury, CT-based maker of molten carbonate fuel cell power plants says it is providing a 250 kW Direct FuelCell® plant to Pepperidge Farm’s bakery in Bloomfield, CT. The facility is one of Pepperidge Farm’s eight bakeries in the United States. Pepperidge Farm, of Norwalk, CT is a subsidiary of the Campbell Soup Company. The project, which will provide about 20% of the bakery’s baseload plus byproduct heat to make process steam, was supported by the Connecticut Clean Energy Fund. Delivery is expected in the third ...
Briefly Noted: California Fuel Cell Buses
More fuel cell buses for California: Three zero-emission fuel cell buses began operating in and around San Jose early last month as part of three-year joint test program by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) and the San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans). The 40-foot buses were built by the Gillig Corp., Hayward, CA, and Ballard Power Systems is providing the fuel cell power package (H&FCL March, Dec. 02). Fuel is provided by Air Products & Chemicals. VTA said in its March 3 release the three zero-emitters will be rotated on a monthly basis to different routes ...
Briefly Noted: Fuel Cell Bike
Britain’s Intelligent Energy company has unveiled what it claims is the world’s first purpose-built fuel cell bike - a hybrid, really - powered by a 1 kW PEM fuel cell. The ENV (Emissions Neutral Vehicle) is claimed to have a top speed of 50 mph and range of at least 100 miles with compressed hydrogen stored in a Luxfer carbon composite tank. The CORE fuel cell system is detachable, according to the release and can be used separately. The company says the 80 kg bike is a pre-production version, but so far hasn’t said anything about any actual manufacturing plans. The ...
Briefly Noted: Storage Research
New approaches to hydrogen storage technologies were prominently on the agenda of the March 21-25 meeting of the American Physical Society in Los Angeles. The “The Grand Challenge of Hydrogen Storage” session drew a number of papers from universities, national laboratories and corporate researchers. Among them: Glassy materials as hydrogen storage medium via adsorption were described by Seung-Hoon Jhi, of the University of California at Berkeley, and Young-Kyun Kwon, University of California at Berkeley and the University of Minnesota. Frederick Pinkerton and colleagues of the ...
Briefly Noted: DoE Hydrogen Website
The U.S. Energy Department has a new website for its hydrogen program, www.hydrogen.energy.gov. The site went live in mid-March, and it links the four DoE offices that participate in the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative, the Offices of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); of Fossil Energy (FE); of Nuclear Energy (NE) and of Science (SC). Additionally, a second Federal government hydrogen website, www.hydrogen.gov, has been launched. It is sponsored by the Hydrogen R&D Task Force of the President’s National Science and Technology Council.
Briefly Noted: Nokia Plans
According to various media reports, Finnish cell phone maker Nokia is giving up on tiny fuel cells for cell phones - for the time being at least. Last summer, Nokia showed off a prototype headset that was powered by a small methanol fuel cell, and the company said the reasonably mature technology could be ready for commercialization in probably less than two years. No longer: Nokia won’t get serious about fuel cell-powered cell phones for a few years at least, although, one story quoted a Nokia spokesman as saying that the technology has potential, and Nokia is going to watch it ...
Briefly Noted: Vermont Fueling Station
A Hydrogen Station for the Green Mountain State: Northern Power Systems and Proton Energy Systems, subsidiaries of Vermont’s Distributed Energy Systems, will build a hydrogen fueling station in the state, the parent company announced. The new station will be built in partnership with EVermont, a non-profit organization supporting cleaner, sustainable energy vehicles started in 1993 by then-Gov. Howard Dean. The new station is expected to be located at the Burlington Public Works Department, and will be powered by locally generated renewable energy - including a wind turbine next to the ...
Briefly Noted: New Hydrogen Bills
Three new hydrogen and fuel cell infrastructure bills were introduced in the U.S. Congress in mid-March. Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-ND) introduced a massive 10-year, $7.9 billion dollar bill to launch a long-term effort to “help jump-start the industry and lead us to a day when we can drive our cars without being hostage to the international oil cartel.” Dorgan, who also introduced a companion bill to promote ethanol and biodiesel to help farmers, likened his bill to America’s man-to-the-moon Apollo Program: “This bill will create the ‘Apollo Project’ our nation needs ...
Medis Says it Will Start Production of “1000s Units Per Month” Later This Year
NEW YORK - Medis Technologies, Ltd., the developer of what it calls its “The Socket in Your PocketTM” fuel cell charger for handheld devices, last month announced plans to start mass producing “thousands of units per month” in the second half of this year. Presenting prototypes of its consumer product as well as of the military version it is developing for General Dynamics (H&FCL Sept. 04) here as part of what might be called its spring promotional tour, Medis senior vice president for marketing, Jacob Weiss, also said the company expects to have one or more production ...
Wind-Derived Pipeline H2 Could Compete with Long-Distance Electricity, Paper Says
JUNEAU, AK - A very large wind power plant located somewhere in the North American Great Plains could deliver compressed gaseous hydrogen via pipeline to faraway cities at apparently competitive costs, with a few caveats. This is the essential conclusion of a paper commissioned by the Leighty Foundation here, to be presented at the 2005 World Solar Congress in Orlando, FL Aug. 6-12. The 8-page document is currently circulating in the hydrogen and alternative energy communities via the Internet; a larger, more detailed version is planned to be presented even earlier at Windpower05 in Denver ...
Fast Forward: Anuvu to Dleiver 1,100 Fuel Cell Engines
Sacramento, CA-based fuel cell developer Anuvu, Inc. expects to start delivering the first of 1,100 fuel cell engines to electric vehicle distributor ZAP, Santa Rosa, CA this summer to turn the famously tiny - and fuel-thrifty - Smart Car into a fuel cell hybrid. Last year, ZAP signed a deal with a direct importer to bring the 60 mpg two-seater, made by a DaimlerChrysler subsidiary, to the United States. Earlier this year, both Anuvu and ZAP announced the agreement to modify the car with PEM fuel cell engines, to be delivered over a two-year period. A source tells H&FCL Anuvu will deliver ...
Fast Forward: Andreas Truckenbrodt/Detroit Hybrid Center
Andreas Truckenbrodt, the engineer who has been heading DaimlerChrysler’s fuel cell work for the last two years in Stuttgart, is switching gears and is moving to Michigan to lead the new joint hybrid development center that the German carmaker is launching together with General Motors in Troy. A company spokeswoman confirms that Truckenbrodt is already spending more time in the Detroit area, in part to put together the new development team. Truckenbrodt’s previous job has been taken over by Christian Mohrdieck as the new head of DaimlerChrysler fuel cell development. The two ...
Sandia engineer Daniel Dedrick holds a sample of hydride sodium alanate that has been removed from a vessel after being hydrided. Cycled many times, the material changes from a powder into a semi-sintered solid. Onboard Storage:GM Investigates Advanced Solid State H2 Storage with Sandia, HRL Laboratories
LIVERMORE/MALIBU, CA - Acutely aware that onboard storage is a critical key issue to successful commercialization of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, General Motors is working on advanced hydrogen storage concepts and materials such as sodium alanates and in “destabilized” lithium hydride and magnesium hydrides. Current storage methods such as compressed gaseous hydrogen or supercold liquid hydrogen just won’t cut it, says James A. Spearot, director of GM’s Chemical and Environmental Sciences Laboratory in Warren, MI. Spearot and his boss Larry Burns, GM’s vice ...
GM Turns Over First Fuel Cell Truck To U.S. Army for Evaluation
HONEOYE FALLS, NY - Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY) and Brigadier General Roger A. Nadeau listen attentively to General Motors assistant staff engineer Gary Stottler explaining the inner workings of the first fuel cell-powered pickup truck delivered to the U.S. Army at ceremonies at GM’s research facility here April 1. Clinton was instrumental in helping find the money for the project in the Defense Department’s 2005 funding legislation. The army plans to test the truck through July 2006 at a base in Ft. Belvoir, VA. The modified Chevrolet Silverado truck is powered by two GM-built ...
DaimlerChrysler's cutaway-view version of the new fuel cell-powered B-Class-based F-Cell concept vehicle, shown at the Geneva Auto Show. DaimlerChrysler, Mitsubishi Show Concept Hydrogen Vehicles as Geneva Auto Show
GENEVA - In terms of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, this was the Year of the Mockup at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show, and even at that, it was pretty slim pickings. Only two carmakers, DaimlerChrysler and Mitsubishi, showed vehicles at the March 3-13 event, neither of them driveable. In the past, Geneva had been one of the major venues where carmakers unveiled their latest technologies. DaimlerChrysler showed a cutaway version of its new “F-Cell,” the fuel cell version of the new and somewhat bigger inside and out B-Class followup to the previous A-Class micro-van. The ...
A cutaway model of the compact two-stroke engine designed by New Zealand's Pivotal Engineering Ltd. The triangular shape is the "piston" moving up and down in an arc, attached to the shaft on the right. 16th Annual National Hydrogen Association Conference Hears New DoE Secretary Samuel Bodman, New CalEPA Secretary Alan Lloyd
WASHINGTON, DC - The Capital’s celebrated cherry blossoms weren’t out yet, but despite large worries over ballooning oil prices there was an unmistakable sense of spring in the air at the National Hydrogen Association’s 16th annual conference here March 29-April 1. The atmosphere was festive outside the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel when a big crowd gathered outside at noon during the ceremonial signing of a “recognition of participation” document by new Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman and senior representatives from DaimlerChrysler, General Motors, Ford and ...

March 2005

Transitions
President George W. Bush heads the list of 12 political leaders and elected officials named by the National Hydrogen Association as the 2005 recipients of the NHA’s honorary membership. The others: Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger; Mayor Jim Hahn of Los Angeles; Dr. Alan Lloyd, Secretary of CAL EPA; Terry Tamminen, Cabinet Secretary for the State of California; Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa); Sen. Harry Reid (D-NV); Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-ND); Sen. Mary Landrieu (D-LA); Rep. John Peterson (R-PA); Rep. John Doolittle (R-CA); and Rep. Joe Barton (R-TX). Fuel Cell Energy, Inc., Danbury, CT has ...
Events
The “Power-Gen - Renewable Energy” conference is scheduled for March 1-5 at the Las Vegas Hilton, Las Vegas, NV. Contact: Luciana Bitdinger Darcourt, phone 713/963-6216, e-mail pgreconference@pennwell.com. Another “New York State Hydrogen Energy Roadmapping Workshop” will be held March 8-9 at the Desmond Hotel and Conference Center, Albany, NY. Details: Patrick Serfass, National Hydrogen Association, phone 202/223/5547 ext 366 ; registration www.energetics.com/nyhydrogen.html. A U.S. Fuel Cell Council/DoE workshop, “Matching Federal Government Needs with ...
Opportunities: NYSERDA
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) is announcing a Program Opportunity Notice (PON) No. 920 for a program to support development, demonstration and commercialization of innovation transportation products and systems. A total of $2.5 million is available in two rounds, due April 19, 2005, 5 p.m. and October 5, 2005, 5 p.m. The project should lead to building or demonstrating a working prototype within 36 months to which NYSERDA would contribute a maximum of $250,000. For non-working prototypes or studies NYSERDA would contribute smaller amounts. The project ...
Briefly Noted: European Hydrogen Ass'n
Six major companies are now members of the European Hydrogen Association (EHA) as a result of changes in the organizations by-laws that permit such direct memberships. Previously, the group, launched in early 2000 (H&FCL Feb. 00), consisted only of six national hydrogen associations from France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Germany and Spain. The changes were voted at an extraordinary meeting at the group’s Brussels headquarters in late January. The new corporate members are Air Liquide, Air Products, BOC, Norsk Hydro, the Spanish alternative energy group EHN, and Shell Hydrogen. At the ...
Briefly Noted: Quantum Patent
Irvine, CA-headquartered Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc. reports it has been awarded a U.S. patent for portable and transportable hydrogen fueling systems. The patent covers systems that incorporate self-contained hydrogen production subsystems or accept low-pressure hydrogen from external sources, capable of compressing and dispensing either 5,000 or 10,000 psi gaseous hydrogen. The company has developed two versions of transportable refuelers, the HyHaulerTM and the HyHauler PlusTM. Quantum CEO Alan P. Niedzwiecki says the company is currently commercializing these ...
Briefly Noted: FuelCell Energy/Starwood
Danbury, CT-based FuelCell Energy Inc. has joined forces with Alliance Power, a Littleton, CO-based developer of distributed generation facilities, to provide a 1 MW fuel cell power plant to the Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina, part of the Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc., White Plains, NY. Four 250 kW natural gas-fueled molten carbonate Direct FuelCell® plants will provide base load electricity for the 1,044-room hotel, and co-generated heat will be used to heat the hotel’s pool. The system is expected to be installed this fall. It is the first to be executed under a ...
Briefly Noted: Hydrogenics/GM Forklift
General Motors of Canada and Hydrogenics Corp. last month demonstrated a hydrogen fuel cell-powered forklift that the companies say is moving towards commercialization. Hydrogenics leads a consortium that is developing the forklift. The demonstration of the forklift and of a Hydrogenics-built HyLYZER refueling station took place in early February at GM’s car plant in Oshawa, Ontario, the first such demonstration at a GM facility, according to the release. The consortium includes Deere & Company, FedEx Canada, General Motors of Canada, NACCO Materials Handling Group and the Canadian ...
Briefly Noted: Masterflex Cargo Bikes
The European Union’s Regional Development Fund together with the German state of Northrhine-Westfalia are helping to finance the development of fuel cell-powered so-called cargo bikes. The bikes, intended to carry small loads, are being planned by German fuel cell developer Masterflex AG, of Gelsenkirchen, and Hawk Bikes, a Berlin-based maker of specialized bicycles. Masterflex says on its German-language website it plans to present a market-ready cargo bike later this year. Source: Masterflex site, www.masterflex-bz.de.
Briefly Noted: Nuvera/Uhdenora Pact
Nuvera Fuel Cells, Inc., Cambridge, MA and Milan, Italy, is joining forces with Uhdenora SpA, a developer of electrochemical plants for making chlorine and caustic soda in an excess hydrogen-based power system. The two companies will develop a modular fuel cell system to use excess hydrogen produced during the production of these chemicals to generate power. Under the terms of the three-phase agreement, the two companies want to develop a base-load system capable of reducing a plant’s power consumption by 20%. Initial tests are scheduled to start in May. Milan-based Uhdenora is a joint ...
Briefly Noted: Donaldson Fuel Cell Filters
Minneapolis, MN-based Donaldson Company, Inc. reports it has shipped its first Japan-made fuel cell filters to customers. The company has been making what it says are the world’s first air and chemical filters and noise attenuation devices for fuel cells in the United States for three years, but now has started manufacturing so-called fuel cell contamination control products at its factory in Gunma, northeast of Tokyo. The first products were specialized air filters and noise attenuation devices for installation in fuel cell vehicles. Donaldson which has been manufacturing in Japan for ...
Briefly Noted: CaFCP Hydrogen Quality Tool
The California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP) has developed a new tool for sampling hydrogen fuel quality. The new device, called Hydrogen Quality Sampling Adapter, permits the collection of hydrogen samples at a fuel dispenser nozzle - a First. Technical fact sheets about the device and the Partnership’s trailer-mounted Station Testing Appliance, announced last October, are available at CaFCP’s online resource center, www.cafcp.org/resource-ctr.html Contacts: CaFCP, Chris White, 916/371-2899; Sabine Sadjak, 916/375-8044.
Briefly Noted: FC Hondas/Las Vegas
Las Vegas goes fuel cell: American Honda has leased two Honda FCX fuel cell vehicles to the City of Las Vegas, NV. The $500/month lease for each vehicle will run for two years. The vehicles will be fueled at a city-owned and operated hydrogen fueling station. This latest addition to Honda’s lease fleet brings the grand total to 14 in the United States. The others are in use in Los Angeles, at the South Coast Air Quality Management District, the city of Chula Vista, CA and the State of New York. Source: PR Newswire.
Briefly Noted: Smart Fuel Cell
Smart Fuel Cell AG (SFC), the innovative Munich-based maker of direct methanol fuel cells, claims significant cost reduction via a new membrane. The company said in a Feb. 28 release the new membrane reduces the need for platinum as catalyst by at least 50%. The new concept also incorporates a monopolar stack design instead of the usual bipolar construction, resulting in 70% reduction of stack components and significant further miniaturization of the total system. The company didn’t provide any per-Watt or -kW cost figures, nor any other details. SFC was one three energy companies named ...
Briefly Noted: Sen. Harkin Ethanol Bill
Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) has introduced legislation to help convert ethanol and other farm-derived fuels into hydrogen. Harkin, probably the member of Congress with the longest record of supporting hydrogen, says “We must start relying more heavily on renewable energy as part of our comprehensive energy solution in this country.” He added, “part of the solution includes using more renewable fuels like ethanol. Another part of the solution is developing hydrogen-powered vehicles and the systems to support them.” Harkin’s bill authorizes $5 million over three years to ...
Researchers Investigate Iron-based Electrocatalyst as Platinum Substitute
LONDON - “Fuel cells: iron is the new platinum,” is the slightly alchemistic-sounding headline in the Feb. 10 online “highlights” page of “Nature”describing research into new electrocatalytic materials. The paper in the journal’s “letters to nature” section, “Synthesis of the H-cluster framework of iron-only hydrogenase,” describes work in the UK, Italy and Germany that the authors say “will help guide the design of new materials for hydrogen production or uptake.” The 10 authors from the Biological Chemistry Department ...
Ballard Reports Progress in Cold Start, Durability, Cost Reduction
VANCOUVER - Ballard Power Systems here last month reported what appears to be significant progress in three key areas - freeze start ability, durability and cost reduction - without reducing performance in its automotive fuel stack technology. “We believe we are the first fuel cell developer to successfully demonstrate these key technology milestones simultaneously in a single fuel cell stack design,” said Charles Stone, Ballard’s vice president for research and development in a release. According to Stone, these demonstrations typically are done one requirement at a ...
Fast Forward: Japan's FC Subsidies
North American fuel cell experts are regarding the launch of Japan’s - and the world’s - first commercial government-subsidized residential fuel cell program last month as emblematic of the country’s worldwide leadership. Last month, Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd. inaugurated the program in which it will install 200 1 kW co-generation units, developed jointly with Ebara Ballard Corp. and with Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd., this year. Another 200 units are expected to be installed by other companies, sources say. Japan’s government is making Yen 25 million ($24 million) ...
Fast Forward: MTU Friedrichshafen
MTU Friedrichshafen, the German DaimlerChrysler subsidiary principally known for big diesel engines, apparently wants to get out of the electrolyzer business. At least that’s the gist of a Jan. 25 report by the German Internet service “HyWeb” which says GHW, the German maker of advanced pressurized electrolyzers, is looking for somebody to take over MTU’s 50% share of the business. MTU Friedrichshafen is partnering with Norsk Hydro Electrolysers (NHEL) in GHW which is developing a next generation of pressurized electrolyzers (H&FCL July, Aug. 04).
Fast Forward: House Subcommittee Restructuring
Better legislating, but also more pork? In the name of greater legislative efficiency, the U.S. House of Representatives Appropriations Committee has approved a major reorganization under which the number of subcommittees decreases from 13 to 10. As part of the shift, U.S.Energy Department fuel cell funding that used to be overseen by the Interior appropriations subcommittee will now move to the energy and water subcommittee which already controls funding for DoE’s hydrogen program. On paper it looks like a laudably logical move, but some Washington operatives worry that this may ...
Fast Forward: 10 MW FC Plant for Long Island?
If it all works out the, so far, biggest stationary fuel cell power generation plant yet may come to Long Island, NY in a couple of years: The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) is soliciting proposals for a 10 MW project that the utility wants to build on a so far unspecified site, with power production due to start July 1, 2006. In an early-February announcement on its website, LIPA said it plans to hold a proposers conference March 1 - already past by the time you read this - at its headquarters in Uniondale, NY. The full proposal - six bound copies, plus a CD-ROM in searchable text ...
Mazda's new hydrogen fueling station, with dual-fuel rotary engine-powered RX-8 ready for refueling. Infrastructure: Hyundai, Mazda Unveil H2 Stations in California, Japan
CHINO, CA/HIROSHIMA, JAPAN - More hydrogen fueling stations on both sides of the Pacific: Within a couple of days of each other, Korea’s Hyundai Motor Corp. and Japan’s Mazda Motor Corp. announced in mid-February the opening of new hydrogen fueling stations. Hyundai, together with UTC Fuel Cells and ChevronTexaco, unveiled a hydrogen station at the Hyundai-Kia America Technical Center in Chino, near Los Angeles as part of the U.S. Energy Department’s large Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration Validation Program (H&FCL May 04). The limited-access station ...
European Hydrogen Highway: European H2 Infrastructure Cost is Relatively Low, Linde Study Says
BERLIN - The total investment cost for a European hydrogen fueling infrastructure through 2025 could be anywhere between Euro 3.5 billion ($4.6 billion) and Euro 9-12 billion ($11.7-15.6 billion), depending on different assumptions and strategies. This, in a nutshell, is the basic message of the 80-page Linde-commissioned study, “The Economics of a European Hydrogen Automotive Infrastructure,” by the E4tech consultant group headed by David Hart. The consultancy has offices in London and Lausanne. While the costs under the different scenarios are “considerable, they are ...
The Energy Department's main budget request chart for fiscal year 2006. "FE," "NE," and "SC" stand, respectively, for the Offices of Fossil Energy, Nuclear Energy and Science. DoE News: Running Counter to Trend, DoE FY '06 H2/Fuel Cell Budget Request is Up
WASHINGTON, DC - Running counter to the belt-tightening trend in the administration’s total $2.57 trillion 2006 budget request released in early February, the Energy Department is asking for relatively large increases for hydrogen energy and fuel cell technology. While DoE’s overall request is also down slightly - $475 million, or 2%, to $23.44 billion, according to a summary in the Feb. 8 “New York Times” - the combined funding sought for President Bush’s Hydrogen Fuel Initiative and FreedomCAR Program is $359.944 million, up almost $50 million compared to the ...
Linde's proposed "European Hydrogen Highway" superimposed on a map of Germany. "CEP" refers to the existing Clean Energy Partnership H2 fueling station in Berlin. "Argemuc" is Munich's fueling station collaborative. "DC" stands for DaimlerChrysler. European Hydrogen Highway: Gas Firm Linde Proposes 1,100 Mile H2 Highway for Germany, Presents Cost Study
BERLIN - A leading European industrial gas technology company proposes the rapid, near-term construction of some 40 hydrogen fueling stations along existing freeways to establish an 1,800 km (1,100 mile) hydrogen ring in Germany. And looking further ahead, Linde AG took the wraps off a new hydrogen infrastructure investment analysis for both Germany and Europe for the next two decades. Bottom line: total costs would be lower than previously assumed, and building a hydrogen infrastructure for Europe is doable and affordable. Linde presented the “European Hydrogen Highway” ...

February 2005

Transitions
The U.S. Energy Department announced that Dr. Dan Arvizu has been named as the new director of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO. Arvizu, who holds a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University, came to NREL from CH2M Hill, a Denver-based multinational firm providing engineering, construction, operations, communications, security, environmental, and related services, where in his last job he was senior vice president and chief technology officer for the Federal and Industrial Client Sector after serving as director of the company’s Energy and ...
Events
The “Global Alternative Fuels Forum and Exhibition” is scheduled for Feb. 1-3 at the Hotel Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Details: Ms. Sapna Khimani, The Energy Exchange - World Refining Association; phone 0044/207 067 1804; web www.wraconferences.com; e-mail s.khimani@theenergyexchange.co.uk. The 5th National Conference on Science, Policy and the Environment, “Forecasting Environmental Changes,” will be held Feb. 3-4 at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center, Washington, DC. Details: Phone 202/530-5810; e-mail conference@NCSEonline.org; web ...
Briefly Noted: Compressed Onboard Safety Study
Are cars fueled by compressed gaseous fuels such as hydrogen really more dangerous - “bombs on wheels” - than cars powered by liquids such as gasoline? The German Automobile Club (ADAC) decided to put the question to a test, reports the German Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (DWV) in its latest membership newsletter. DWV says while the ADAC test did not test hydrogen cars, it did crash-test - both frontal and side impact - a natural gas-powered Opel Zafira, and, says DWV, the results “are really quite applicable to cars with onboard compressed hydrogen storage.” The ...
Briefly Noted: Hydrogenics Workforce Cuts
Hydrogenics Corp., the Mississauga, Ontario-based developer of electrolysis-based infrastructure systems, expects to save some US $8 million annually in labor costs as a result of its now completed acquisition of Stuart Energy Systems Corp, the company says (H&FCL Dec. 04). Hydrogenics said in a Jan. 21 release it has already cut the newly combined work force by 15% and by rationalization of facilities, affecting mostly employees at the Mississauga locations of both companies. The company says it will combine operations of both facilities under one roof at Hydrogenics, with full relocation ...
Briefly Noted: Ontario Hydrogen Projects
Canada’s Ontario province has launched two energy initiatives. The first is a new fuel cell innovation program to help commercialize hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in the province, Ontario Economic Development and Trade Minister Joseph Cordiano said last month. The Can. $3 million program is intended to build strong regional clusters - groups of researchers, business experts and venture capital - to move the technology into the commercial sphere. The program is also intended to foster strong links to the Great Lakes states of New York, Ohio and Michigan. In the second, the ministry ...
Briefly Noted: Nuvera/East Penn Manufacturing
Nuvera, meanwhile, announced last month it was teaming up with East Penn Manufacturing Company, Inc., Lyon Station, PA to develop a hybrid battery/fuel cell electric engine to power lift trucks and other off-road industrial vehicles used in materials handling and airport ground support equipment. East Penn manufactures high-quality lead acid batteries under the brand name DEA and accessories for the automotive, industrial, marine, telecommunications, commercial and stationary markets. Nuvera, of Cambridge, MA and Milan, Italy, and East Penn have signed off on an exclusive two-year joint ...
Briefly Noted: Fiat FC Panda
What’s touted as the world’s smallest fuel cell car was presented by Fiat’s boss Herbert Demel late last year. Demel apparently didn’t show off the fuel cell “Panda” itself, but talked about it at an automotive propulsion systems symposium at Vienna’s Technical University, according to various media reports. The hybrid four-seater has a 40 kW fuel cell in front under the hood, and a combination battery and electric motor in the rear. A total of 68 liters of hydrogen - apparently compressed gaseous - stored onboard give a range of 220 km (137 miles) and a ...
Briefly Noted: ZAP/Anuvu Fuel Cell Pickup
ZAP, the California distributor of electric vehicles, has announced it is commercially offering the hydrogen fuel cell hybrid pickup truck developed by Anuvu, Inc. Sacramento, CA (H&FCL Nov. 03). ZAP, based in Santa Rosa, CA unveiled the truck at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, NV Jan. 5-8. The vehicle, claimed to be the first fuel cell vehicle offered for sale to the public, is essentially a Nissan Frontier 4-door pick-up truck converted to hydrogen and Anuvu-developed fuel cell systems. The release didn’t give a price, but in its initial 2003 announcement, Anuvu said it ...
Briefly Noted: New Air Liquide Plant
French industrial gas producer Air Liquide plans to build a new 100 million standard cu. ft./day steam reforming hydrogen production plant, one of the company’s largest, in Bayport, TX. The company said in its announcement more capacity is needed to supply refineries which under environmental regulations here and in Europe must produce cleaner fuels by reducing sulfur content. The new plant is scheduled to start operations in May 2006. The company says the new facility will “optimize energy produced by the facility’s existing boilers and cogeneration units.” With this ...
Briefly Noted: Virent
Madison, WI-based Virent Energy Systems plans to develop a demonstration power generating system that converts sugar via the company’s patented carbon-neutral aqueous phase reforming process into hydrogen and other fuel gases for distributed power systems (H&FCL Sept. 02, July 03). The final system will be integrated with a hydrogen/natural gas-fired generator set producing 5 kW of electricity that will be connected into Madison Gas and Electric’s ’s power grid. The company says that the process offers a cost-effective method for producing hydrogen from renewable biomass after ...
Briefly Noted: PEMEAS Award
Innovation Award: Less than a year after it was set up, PEMEAS Fuel Cell Technologies, the fledgling Frankfurt, Germany-based developer of high-temperature PEM fuel cell membranes, last month was honored with the 25th Innovation Award of German Industry. Just a month earlier, PEMEAS was cited by Red Herring magazine as one of the top 100 innovative companies of last year. The company which announced availability of its high-temperature membranes, which can operate at temperatures of up to 200 deg C., in mid-2004 (H&FCL June 04), was founded in 2004 by Celanese AG, a major international ...
Briefly Noted: Fraunhofer Ceramic Membranes
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Sintered Materials (IKTS) in Dresden, Germany, claim a long-term stability breakthrough with the development of ceramic materials with minimal degradation for SOFC stacks. An institute press release says its researchers are projecting stack longevity of more than 40,000 hours but isn’t giving any details. The institute is already cooperating with two German companies, Webasto AG and H.C. Starck GmbH, a subsidiary of the Bayer chemical group, in the development of a fuel cell stack for auxiliary power systems. The ...
Briefly Noted: GM/Sandia Storage Pact
Better Onboard Hydrogen Storage: General Motors Corp. and Sandia National Laboratories are setting up a 4-year, $10 million program and partnership to test and develop a particular type of hydride storage, sodium aluminum hydride, or sodium alanate. The goal is to develop a pre-prototype solid-state storage tank that would store more hydrogen onboard than other methods currently in use, such as compressed gaseous hydrogen and liquid hydrogen. GM and Sandia say in their joint Jan. 6 release that neither of these methods have been able to provide the range and running time needed for fuel cell ...
Briefly Noted: Ener1/Giner
Fort Lauderdale, FL-based Ener1, Inc., has signed a Letter of Intent to acquire Giner Electrochemical Systems, Inc. (GES), Newton, MA, a developer of fuel cell technologies and products. The company was set up five years ago by General Motors and Giner Inc. (H&FCL June 00) as part of GM’s ambitious plans to develop automotive fuel cell technologies. Ener1, said in its release it develops and markets new technologies for clean efficient energy sources, including lithium batteries and battery packs and fuel cell components through its EnerFuel, Inc. subsidiary. Under the new arrangement, ...
Briefly Noted: World Economic Forum Technology Pioneers
Fuel cell developers PolyFuel Inc. and SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG as well as photovoltaics developer Konarka Technologies, Inc. are the only energy companies among 29 firms selected by the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, as 2005’s “Technology Pioneers.” The citation for PolyFuel, Mountain View, CA said the company’s hydrocarbon-based membranes “should enable the development of direct methanol fuel cell systems capable of powering mobile computing and communication devices.” The membrane “could make it possible to boost the performance of fuel cells, ...
Book Review: "Hydrogen: Hot Stuff, Cool Science"
How many times have you wanted to explain hydrogen energy to a curious friend or relative…but you just didn’t know where to start? This unusual book takes an innovative and engaging approach to teaching a general audience about hydrogen. Half Harry Potter-style fantasy novel, half Platonic dialogue on chemistry and thermodynamics, it strikes a healthy balance between science and fun that’s likely to appeal to intelligent teens and young adults. As the book opens, the protagonist has set out to write a book about hydrogen, only to find himself stymied by writer’s block. ...
DoE News: Energy Department’s Core H2/Fuel Cell Work Funded at Close to $235 Million in FY ‘05
WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Energy Department’s 2005 fiscal year budget includes $234.7 million for hydrogen and fuel cell work, figures released by DoE last month indicate. Additional hydrogen and fuel cell funds have been allocated to other Federal departments, such as the Transportation and Interior Departments, in the huge $388.4 billion omnibus appropriations bill covering most Federal departments that was rushed through Congress late last year. An early scan of the giant 1,689-page document indicated that the grand total for hydrogen and fuel cells in several departments was about ...
Auto Components CEO Calls for National “Project Hydrogen” Agenda, Gas Tax
DEARBORN, MI - Calling himself a “realist,” the chairman of a major component supplier in the automotive heartland told an assemblage of auto industry executives they must join forces and promote hydrogen with “a sense of urgency.” Lauding President Bush’s $1.2 billion hydrogen initiative as well intentioned (H&FCL Feb. 03) but no more than “a token gesture,” Tim Leuliette, CEO of $2 billion Metaldyne Corp. and a self-described Republican, told the participants in the Automotive News World Congress here Jan.17-20 that moving to hydrogen as transportation ...
European H2/Fuel Cell Platform Circulates 2 Working Papers, EC Launches HY-CO
BRUSSELS - Transportation applications, “the driving force of fuel cell development,” should get a little more than one-quarter of upcoming European Union budget allocations for hydrogen and fuel cell technology development, followed by production and stationary applications. This is one of the principal recommendations of a 121-page “Strategic Research Agenda,” one of two key documents developed by the EU’s Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Platform (HFP) in recent months. The document was circulated on the Internet last month by the Platform secretariat, along ...
Fast Forward: Indian H2 Car Plans
India’s biggest company, the Indian Oil Corporation, is expected to launch, or at least announce plans for a prototype hydrogen-powered vehicle in another month or so. Indian press reports say that the country’s petroleum minister, Mani Shankar Aiyar said as much at a petroleum technology conference in mid-January. No details whether this will be a fuel cell vehicle or an i.c. engined car. Indian Oil Corp. has annual sales of $29.8 billion, according to these reports. Last summer, India’s Reva Electric Car Company, Bangalore, unveiled the country’s first fuel cell ...
Fast Forward: Putin in Hannover?
The organizers of the Hannover Hydrogen + Fuel Cells Joint Exhibit April 11-15 are hopeful that Russian President Vladimir Putin will show up at their display area. Putin is scheduled to tour much of the huge fair on opening day together with German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, a native of Hannover who has made his visit to the sprawling fairgrounds an annual rite, according to organizers Arno Evers Fair-PR, including his visit to the hydrogen and fuel cell exhibit. The Russian Federation is designated partner of this year’s fair. And as it happens, Russia has rented a huge stand - at ...
Fast Forward: Florida H2 I.C. Buses
Coming to Central Florida: Eight Ford E-450 shuttle buses running on hydrogen. The 12-passenger buses - the kind seen at airports to shuttle passengers to parking lots and rental agencies - are scheduled to go into service in 2006 (At the recent Detroit Auto Show, prototypes were used to ferry reporters around the city). Ford Motor Co. and the Florida Energy Office, which shelled out $2 million for the eight internal combustion engine-powered vehicles, say these are the world’s first commercially available hydrogen vehicles. Each is powered by a supercharged intercooled V-10 diesel ...
Fast Forward: European H2 Highway
Linde AG, the German industrial gas group, is expected to make a pitch for a European Hydrogen Highway, analogous perhaps to Gov. Schwarzenegger’s plans for California (H&FCL Jan. 05). The company is sponsoring an “International Hydrogen Day” Feb. 24 in Berlin, with participation from Europe, Japan and the United States, sources tell H&FCL. The event is under the patronage of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) which is headed by Klaus Toepfer, a former German environment minister.
West Side (H2) Story: Shell Hydrogen's Jeremy Bentham, left, and GM's Larry Burns pose for photographers next to a movable hydrogen fueler, a stageset-type oversized image of a Shell station and GM's HydroGen minivan in front of Manhattan's "Tavern On the Green" restaurant in 9 deg. F weather (The car did start, despite the freeze). GM, Shell Announce E. Coast H2 Corridor, First NY-Area Station to Open Next Year
NEW YORK, NY - First hinted at a couple of months ago, General Motors Corp. and Shell Hydrogen LLC last month announced plans for a hydrogen station “East Coast Corridor” and a fleet of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles for the New York metropolitan area. Similar in concept to Gov. Schwarzenegger’s plans for a California Hydrogen Highway which envisions placing fuel cell fleets in concentrated population areas to help early adoption of the new technology, GM will initially deploy 13 fuel cell vehicles in the New York metropolitan area supported by a Shell hydrogen fueling ...
Back to the Future: The world's first fuel cell-powered pterodactyl, on display at Tokyo's FCExpo and built by Toagosei Co. Ltd., a maker of specialty chemicals and polymer products. Its American subsidiary produces Krazy Glue, an adhesive. Big Turnout for FCExpo, First Major Fuel Cell Conference & Exhibition in Japan
TOKYO - January 19th saw the opening of FCExpo 2005 here, the first-ever major international fuel cell event - conference and exhibition - to be held in Japan. By all appearances it was a rousing success. A total of 193 companies showed their products during the three-day event in the sprawling halls of the futuristic exhibition complex “Tokyo Big Sight,” according to the organizers’ online database (FCExpo’s “Highlights” home page website claimed 240 companies were present). The conference was co-organized by the Hydrogen Energy System Society of Japan and ...
The "Sequel's" skateboard chassis. The hydrogen tanks are in the center, and the fuel cell stack is just behind the front wheels. Cars: GM Launches 3rd-Generation “Sequel” Fuel Cell Vehicle in Detroit; Hyundai at LA Show
DETROIT, MI - Visually at least a bit closer to reality, General Motors Corp. last month unveiled its third- generation hybrid fuel cell vehicle concept, dubbed “Sequel,” at the 2005 North American International Auto Show here. GM rolled out the SUV, which the carmaker says is comparable in size to its production Cadillac SRX crossover vehicle, on the first day of the annual show’s press preview days, Jan. 9. Measuring 196.6 inches in length and 66.8 inches high on a 119.7 inch wheelbase, the Sequel wouldn’t look out of place on the road or a showroom today, unlike ...

January 2005

Transitions
Ballard Power Systems, Vancouver, has named Dr. Chris Guzy as the company’s new chief technology officer, effective January 17. Guzy has spent the last 17 years at General Electric where he is currently manager of GE Healthcare, Budapest, Hungary. Previously he has led product development and commercialization activities at other GE divisions, including GE Plastics, GE Appliances and GE Lighting. Before joining GE, Guzy was a section head at Nestec, S.A., Switzerland, and an assistant professor of chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology..........Change at MTI ...
Events
Japan’s “1st International Fuel Cell Exhibition” is scheduled for January 19-21, at Tokyo Big Sight, concurrent with a “FC EXPO Technical Conference.” Details: Reed Exhibitions Japan Ltd., Mr. Hajime Suzuki, phone 081/3/3349-8502, fax 081/3/3349-4900, e-mail fcexpo@reedexpo.co.jp; www.fcexpo.jp/english/. The “Clean Power” conference will be held Jan. 26-27 at the International Congress Center in Berlin, Germany. Details: www.energie-server.de. The Club of Amsterdam will hold its “Summit for the Future: Energy” Jan. 26-28 at the HES Amsterdam ...
Briefly Noted: Medis Israel Facility
Medis Technologies Ltd., New York, NY, opened a new 34,000 sq. ft facility Dec. 22 in the Global Park Technology Complex in Lod, Israel, in ceremonies attended by Israel’s president Moshe Katsav. Medis, a developer of direct liquid fuel cell technology, says the new facility provides office and lab space, including pilot manufacturing capabilities. Earlier in the month, Medis announced its fuel cell Power Pack products currently being tested by General Dynamics C4 Systems, Falls Church, VA (H&FCL June 03) have achieved new higher levels of performance, apparently unmatched by other ...
Briefly Noted: MicroFuel Cells 1st Production Shipment
MTI MicroFuel Cells, Inc., Albany, NY reports its first production shipment of an integrated micro fuel cell product: The company said last month its first Mobion™ fuel cell has been integrated into something called a portable radio frequency identification reader produced by Intermec Technologies Corp., Everett, WA. Its principal benefits are instant cord-free recharging using a replaceable fuel cartridge, and extended run times between charges three to five times longer than those achieved by existing Li-Ion batteries, MicroFuel Cells said in its release. It added MTI Micro has become ...
Briefly Noted: U.S. Fuel Cell Council Media Guide
The U.S. Fuel Council has published the fourth edition of its “Media Guide,” listing contacts for more than 110 fuel cell companies. The guide - spiral-bound hard copy or CD - is distinct from the council’s directory which was published the previous month (H&FCL Dec. 04). The guide is available free of charge to journalists; others have to pay $20. Contact: Phone 202/293-5500, e-mail germain@fuelcells.org.
Briefly Noted: NHA Power Parks Contest
Thirteen student teams from Russia, Canada and the United States have submitted “Hydrogen Power Parks” entries for the 2nd Annual H2U Student Design Contest, sponsored by the National Hydrogen Association (NHA), ChevronTexaco and the U.S. Energy Department (DoE). The winners will be announced at NHA’s annual hydrogen conference March 29-April 1 in Washington, DC. Contact: NHA, Patrick Serfass (media) 202/223-5547 x 366; serfassp@hydrogenassociation.org.
Briefly Noted: CaFCP/WEH H2 Nozzle
German gas equipment maker wins recognition for automotive hydrogen fueling nozzle: The California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP) has named a relatively unknown maker of gas equipment, couplers and leak detection equipment, WEH GmbH Gas Technology, as the recipient of its incentive award for demonstrating that the company’s hydrogen fuel nozzle meets industry performance standards. WEH, of Illertissen, southeast of Stuttgart, is apparently the first company worldwide to be recognized for this achievement. “For fuel cell vehicles to operate successfully in fleet demonstration ...
Briefly Noted: Plug Power's London Christmas Tree
Plug Power Inc., Latham, NY is the proud provider of electricity via a 5 kW fuel cell for a Christmas Tree in London’s Trafalgar Square. London’s deputy mayor Nicky Gavron flicked the switch to turn on the lights. “The fuel cell was invented here in London in 1839, so its high time that this clean and efficient technology was used more widely,” intoned His Honor. Every year since 1947, the tree has been a gift by the people of Norway to the United Kingdom as a token of gratitude for the UK’s support of Norway during World War II. The GenCore 5T fuel cell provides ...
Briefly Noted: FuelCell Energy Plant for Postal Service
Another Fuel Cell for the U.S. Postal Service: FuelCell Energy Inc., Danbury, CT says it has sold a 250 kW Direct FuelCell® power plant via its distribution partner, Chevron Energy Solutions, to the U.S. Postal Service’s San Francisco Processing and Distribution Center. The plant, of the molten carbonate type, is expected to provide part of the base load heat and power requirements, together with a separate 285 kW system of solar-generated electricity. The hybrid power plant is part of a comprehensive system upgrade by the Chevron subsidiary for the processing center and the ...
Briefly Noted: No H2 Car Taxes in Norway
No car taxes for Norwegian hydrogen cars: Norway’s government has proposed the removal of vehicle taxes - including registration fees and annual taxes - for hydrogen vehicles. As reported in early December by Norway’s Bellona Foundation, the proposal was then under discussion in Norway’s parliament, and only minor formalities were still being discussed. The target date for implementation was January 2005. Bellona claimed the parliamentary move was the result of strong and continuous pressure from the foundation and other NGOs, as well as recommendations from the ...
Briefly Noted: GM/Dow Freeport Phase II
General Motors and Dow Chemical Co. have launched Phase II of their joint Freeport, TX project to prove the viability of hydrogen fuel cells, operating here at Dow’s huge complex on by-product hydrogen (H&FCL March 04). The project has expanded from a single GM test fuel cell installed in February to a multi-cell pilot plant. During this second phase, the pilot plant will be integrated into Dow’s chemical and plastics production facility via the plant’s power distribution grid and Dow’s hydrogen clean-up and pipeline system. In addition to collecting real-world data, the ...
Briefly Noted: New Ballard Funding
More Funds for Ballard Power Systems: DaimlerChrysler and Ford Motor Co., Ballard’s vehicular alliance partners, will invest another Can. $55 million (U.S.$45.8 million) in the Vancouver-based fuel cell developer. Ballard said it has exercised its right to call the investment from its partners, in line with a Call Agreement signed by the three on Dec. 31, 2003. DaimlerChrysler will buy Can. $30 million worth of Ballard common shares, and Ford will acquire Can. $25 million in Ballard stock. “This investment is a strong indication of our alliance partners’ continued commitment ...
Business, Policy Leaders Discuss 2020 Hydrogen Vision, Projects for NY State
ALBANY, NY - A hydrogen fueling station network along New York state’s highways, converting school buses in Albany and Buffalo to hydrogen, pool vans running on hydrogen in the New York, New Jersey and Connecticut metro regions - these were some of the ideas tossed out and debated at a New York State Hydrogen Vision Workshop held here Dec. 14-15. Convened by the New York State Energy Research and Development Agency (NYSERDA) and the New York and Long Island Power Authorities, the meeting attracted some 70 business, government and public interest leaders for the two-day session ...
The Avalence team: From left, Martin Shimko, Thomas Jackson and Deborah Moss in front of one of their electrolyzers. Production: Electrolyzer Maker Avalence Eyes Low-Cost Renewables Market
MILFORD, CT - The basic idea is seductive: Produce electricity from wind or solar power, plug in an electrolyzer - and voila, you produce and store clean renewable hydrogen energy, preferably at high pressure, for when the wind doesn’t blow or the sun doesn’t shine. The practice is more complicated: Wind- and solar-generated electricity are intermittent energy sources characterized by fluctuations in output and voltage. PEM electrolyzers, which can generate moderately pressurized gaseous hydrogen, typically operate over a very narrow voltage range, and they require fairly ...
Pres. Bush Nominates Treasury Deputy Secy. Bodman as New Energy Secretary
WASHINGTON, DC - Somewhat unexpectedly, President Bush last month nominated Treasury Deputy Secretary Samuel Bodman to succeed Spencer Abraham as new Secretary of Energy for net Bush’s second term. Bodman, 65, is a chemical engineer by training who earned his doctorate (ScD) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1965. He is a former associate professor of chemical engineering at MIT as well as a former president and CEO of Fidelity Investments. In 1987 he joined Cabot Corp., a Boston-based Fortune 300 company active in specialty chemicals and materials where he served ...
Opinion: A New Common Cause
Editor’s Note: This is another in a series of occasional columns intended as a forum for readers. Contributions are welcome. The editor reserves the right to reject suggestions and edit material to fit our format without, of course, changing the author’s basic views. Here, U.S. Fuel Council president Robert Rose takes a look at what lies ahead this year - the good, the not so good, and the unknown. I have called for a New Partnership among the fuel cell and hydrogen industries, governments around the world and other interests who share the view that a hydrogen economy is the ...
Renewables: ACORE Urges Speedy Action, Unity in Commercializing Renewable Energies in U.S.
WASHINGTON, DC - A key renewable energy organization is calling on American policymakers to come up with strategies that recognize diversity and variability in resources and other factors across the land but that still unite the nation in the common drive towards wide commercial use of renewables. Addressing the opening session of the two-day “Renewable Energy in America: The Call for Phase II,” conference here last month, Michael Eckhart, president of the 166-member American Council On Renewable Energy (ACORE), said “we have a set of natural resources that occur unevenly ...
Fast Forward: CA H2 Station Blueprint
And coming soon in California: The blueprint for the Golden State’s network of hydrogen fueling stations along its major Interstate freeways (Jan., Nov. 04). Sources tell H&FCL that Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger is expected to announce details of the plan early in the new year, possibly in January. Stay tuned.
Fast Forward: Interagency Hydrogen Website
Coming Soon: The “White House Interagency Hydrogen Website.” The site is already visible in its embryonic state via the Transportation Department’s hydrogen web portal at www.hydrogen.gov. The new site “will service as the central clearinghouse for hydrogen and fuel cell activities across the federal agencies, including R&D, funding operations, safety, regulations, codes & standards, events and agency links,” according to a preliminary note on that site. A participant in the Albany Vision conference (p.7) said an interagency task force made of up representatives from ...
Stirling Energy Systems, Sandia Install 6-Dish 150 kW Solar Plant, World’s Biggest
ALBUQUERQUE, NM - The last of five additional 25 kW solar dish/Stirling engine electricity generators will be installed at Sandia National Laboratories’ national solar test facility here this month. Together with a sixth dish prototype installed early last year, and after systems check and replacement of some motor parts, the 150 kW system is expected to be completed next month, according to David J. Slawson, chairman and CEO of Stirling Energy Systems (SES), Phoenix, AZ, designer of the Stirling engine. The mirrors were designed in-house by Sandia researchers. Each 38 ft. ...
German Fuel Cell Groups Form National Alliance, Draft Roadmap
BERLIN - In an effort to boost public and political support for fuel cell technology, some 20 major German fuel cell organizations and initiatives last month joined forces to form a national Fuel Cell Alliance. The new group, BZB (for “Brennstoffzellen-Buendnis Deutschland”), said in its announcement at a press conference here, more industrial and political support is needed to meet international competition. Its principal organizers were the German engineering federation VDMA, the German Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association DWV, Fuel Cell Europe and Initiative Brennstoffzelle, ...
Gov. Schwarzenegger Names Alan Lloyd New California EPA Secretary
SACRAMENTO, CA - Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has appointed Dr. Alan Lloyd, long-term advocate of hydrogen energy and currently chairman of California’s Air Resources Board (CARB), as new secretary of the state’s Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA). Lloyd succeeds Terry Tamminen who last month was moved up by Schwarzenegger to the key position of cabinet secretary, the direct liaison between the governor and cabinet members, including all agency directors and department directors (H&FCL Dec. 04). “Alan shares my commitment to continuing California’s tradition of ...